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Article

Determining Stress State of Source Media with Identified Difference between Groundwater Level during Loading and Unloading Induced by Earth Tides

1
China Earthquake Networks Center, Beijing 100045, China
2
Earthquake Agency of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Urumqi 830011, China
3
Hunan Earthquake Agency, Changsha 410004, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Aldo Fiori
Water 2021, 13(20), 2843; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202843
Received: 15 September 2021 / Revised: 10 October 2021 / Accepted: 11 October 2021 / Published: 12 October 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Earthquakes and Groundwater)
The groundwater level might be adopted as a useful tool to explore pre-seismic stress change in the earth crust, because it circulates in the deep crust and should be altered by the processes associated with the preparation of earthquakes. This work makes a new attempt that applies the load/unload response ratio (LURR) technique to study the stress state of the source media before the large earthquakes by calculating the ratio between the water levels during the loading and unloading phases. The change of Coulomb failure stress induced by earth tides in the tectonically preferred slip direction on the fault surface of the mainshock is adopted for differentiating the loading and unloading periods. Using this approach, we tested the groundwater level in the wells near the epicenters of some large earthquakes that occurred in the Sichuan-Yunnan region of southwest China. Results show that the LURR time series fluctuated narrowly around 1.0 for many years and reached anomalously high peaks 2~8 months prior to the mainshocks. For the earthquakes with multiple observation wells, the magnitude of the maximum values decreases with the distance from the epicenter. The underlying physics of these changes should be caused by the pre-seismic dilatancy. The corresponding volume variations in the crust could be observed in the geodetic time series in the same neighborhoods and during the same period. View Full-Text
Keywords: groundwater level; loading and unloading phases; earth tide; coulomb failure stress change; dilatancy; geodetic time series groundwater level; loading and unloading phases; earth tide; coulomb failure stress change; dilatancy; geodetic time series
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yu, H.; Yu, C.; Ma, Y.; Zhao, B.; Yue, C.; Gao, R.; Chang, Y. Determining Stress State of Source Media with Identified Difference between Groundwater Level during Loading and Unloading Induced by Earth Tides. Water 2021, 13, 2843. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202843

AMA Style

Yu H, Yu C, Ma Y, Zhao B, Yue C, Gao R, Chang Y. Determining Stress State of Source Media with Identified Difference between Groundwater Level during Loading and Unloading Induced by Earth Tides. Water. 2021; 13(20):2843. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202843

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yu, Huaizhong, Chen Yu, Yuchuan Ma, Binbin Zhao, Chong Yue, Rong Gao, and Yulong Chang. 2021. "Determining Stress State of Source Media with Identified Difference between Groundwater Level during Loading and Unloading Induced by Earth Tides" Water 13, no. 20: 2843. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13202843

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