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Article

New Evidence of MIS 3 Relative Sea Level Changes from the Messina Strait, Calabria (Italy)

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Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (INGV), via di Vigna Murata, 00144 Rome, Italy
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CEDAD, Department of Mathematics and Physics “Ennio de Giorgi”, University of Salento, 73100 Lecce, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, dell’Ambiente e delle Risorse, Napoli University Federico II, 80126 Napoli, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, 70125 Bari, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze Biologiche Geologiche e Ambientali, Catania University, 95129 Catania, Italy
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CRUST-Interuniversity Center for 3D Seismotectonics with Territorial Applications, 66100 Chieti Scalo, Italy
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Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Osservatorio Etneo, 95131 Catania, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche e Geologiche, Cagliari University, 09042 Cagliari, Italy
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Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e del Mare, Palermo University, 90123 Palermo, Italy
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NIOZ Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research, Utrecht University, Landsdiep 4, 16797 SZ ‘t Horntje (Texel), The Netherlands
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Institute of Marine Sciences (CNR-ISMAR) Bologna, 40129 Bologna, Italy
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Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, 80122 Napoli, Italy
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Biology Department, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543-1050, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Gary B. Griggs
Water 2021, 13(19), 2647; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13192647
Received: 5 July 2021 / Revised: 14 September 2021 / Accepted: 21 September 2021 / Published: 26 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Relative Sea Level Change and Coastal Vulnerability)
Investigation of sea-level positions during the highly-dynamic Marine Isotope Stage 3 (MIS 3: 29–61 kyrs BP) proves difficult because: (i) in stable and subsiding areas, coeval coastal sediments are currently submerged at depths of few to several tens of meters below the present sea level; (ii) in uplifting areas, the preservation of geomorphic features and sedimentary records is limited due to the erosion occurred during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) with sea level at a depth of −130 m, followed by marine transgression that determined the development of ravinement surfaces. This study discusses previous research in the Mediterranean and elsewhere, and describes new fossiliferous marine deposits overlaying the metamorphic bedrock at Cannitello (Calabria, Italy). Radiocarbon ages of marine shells (about 43 kyrs cal BP) indicate that these deposits, presently between 28 and 30 m above sea level, formed during MIS 3.1. Elevation correction of the Cannitello outcrops (considered in an intermediate-to-far-field position with respect to the ice sheet) with the local vertical tectonic rate and Glacial Isostatic Adjustment (GIA) rate allows the proposal of a revision of the eustatic depth for this highstand. Our results are consistent with recently proposed estimates based on a novel ice sheet modelling technique. View Full-Text
Keywords: Marine Isotope Stage 3; relative sea level; tectonics; GIA; Calabria Marine Isotope Stage 3; relative sea level; tectonics; GIA; Calabria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Antonioli, F.; Calcagnile, L.; Ferranti, L.; Mastronuzzi, G.; Monaco, C.; Orrù, P.; Quarta, G.; Pepe, F.; Scardino, G.; Scicchitano, G.; Stocchi, P.; Taviani, M. New Evidence of MIS 3 Relative Sea Level Changes from the Messina Strait, Calabria (Italy). Water 2021, 13, 2647. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13192647

AMA Style

Antonioli F, Calcagnile L, Ferranti L, Mastronuzzi G, Monaco C, Orrù P, Quarta G, Pepe F, Scardino G, Scicchitano G, Stocchi P, Taviani M. New Evidence of MIS 3 Relative Sea Level Changes from the Messina Strait, Calabria (Italy). Water. 2021; 13(19):2647. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13192647

Chicago/Turabian Style

Antonioli, Fabrizio, Lucio Calcagnile, Luigi Ferranti, Giuseppe Mastronuzzi, Carmelo Monaco, Paolo Orrù, Gianluca Quarta, Fabrizio Pepe, Giovanni Scardino, Giovanni Scicchitano, Paolo Stocchi, and Marco Taviani. 2021. "New Evidence of MIS 3 Relative Sea Level Changes from the Messina Strait, Calabria (Italy)" Water 13, no. 19: 2647. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13192647

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