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Article

Inland and Coastal Bathing Water Quality in the Last Decade (2011–2020): Croatia vs. Region vs. EU

1
Laboratory of Microbiology, Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, P.O. Box 500, 21000 Split, Croatia
2
Faculty of Medicine, University of Rijeka, Braće Branchetta 20, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
3
Teaching Institute of Public Health of Primorje-Gorski Kotar County, Krešimirova 52a, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
4
Faculty of Health Studies, University of Rijeka, Viktora Cara Emina 5, 51000 Rijeka, Croatia
5
Institute for Public Health of The Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Tahtali Sokak 17, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
6
Faculty of Health Studies, University of Sarajevo, Stjepana Tomića 1, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
7
Institute for Public Health of Canton Sarajevo, Mustafe Pintola 1, Ilidža, 71000 Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina
8
Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Ruder Bošković Institute, Bijenička Cesta 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
9
Center for Marine Research, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Giordano Paliaga 5, 52210 Rovinj, Croatia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
S.J. and V.B. equally contributed to work (both first authors).
Academic Editor: Athena Mavridou
Water 2021, 13(17), 2440; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172440
Received: 15 August 2021 / Revised: 29 August 2021 / Accepted: 31 August 2021 / Published: 5 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Healthy Recreational Waters: Sanitation and Safety Issues)
Europe is one of the leading tourist destinations where tourism is one of the key economic sectors. The quality of bathing waters is a very important factor when choosing a vacation destination. Croatia recognized this early and was one of the first Mediterranean countries to start systematic monitoring of bathing waters. On the other hand, monitoring of inland bathing waters is relatively new and includes a much smaller number of sites (41) compared to coastal waters (894). The aim of this paper was to summarize and analyze the water quality of inland and coastal bathing sites of Croatia, closer regions (non-EU Member States) and in the EU for the last decade. The share of excellent water quality in EU Member States increased by 10.1% and 6.6% for inland and coastal waters, respectively (2011–2020). Germany recorded the highest proportion of excellent water quality for inland waters (92.2%) and Cyprus for coastal waters (99.3%). Looking at the 10-year average of the proportion of bathing waters with excellent quality, the proportion of coastal bathing sites exceeds that of inland waters by 7.1%. It is clear that additional efforts should be made to improve the management and monitoring of inland waters. View Full-Text
Keywords: bathing water directive; bathing water quality; coastal bathing sites; inland bathing sites; monitoring of bathing water quality bathing water directive; bathing water quality; coastal bathing sites; inland bathing sites; monitoring of bathing water quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jozić, S.; Baljak, V.; Cenov, A.; Lušić, D.; Galić, D.; Glad, M.; Maestro, D.; Maestro, N.; Kapetanović, D.; Kraus, R.; Marinac-Pupavac, S.; Vukić Lušić, D. Inland and Coastal Bathing Water Quality in the Last Decade (2011–2020): Croatia vs. Region vs. EU. Water 2021, 13, 2440. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172440

AMA Style

Jozić S, Baljak V, Cenov A, Lušić D, Galić D, Glad M, Maestro D, Maestro N, Kapetanović D, Kraus R, Marinac-Pupavac S, Vukić Lušić D. Inland and Coastal Bathing Water Quality in the Last Decade (2011–2020): Croatia vs. Region vs. EU. Water. 2021; 13(17):2440. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jozić, Slaven, Vanja Baljak, Arijana Cenov, Dražen Lušić, Dominik Galić, Marin Glad, Daniel Maestro, Nerma Maestro, Damir Kapetanović, Romina Kraus, Sandra Marinac-Pupavac, and Darija Vukić Lušić. 2021. "Inland and Coastal Bathing Water Quality in the Last Decade (2011–2020): Croatia vs. Region vs. EU" Water 13, no. 17: 2440. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172440

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