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Four-Year Monitoring Study of Shallow Landslide Hazards Based on Hydrological Measurements in a Weathered Granite Soil Slope in South Korea

Geo-Environmental Hazard Research Center, Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Fiorillo
Water 2021, 13(17), 2330; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172330
Received: 9 June 2021 / Revised: 17 August 2021 / Accepted: 23 August 2021 / Published: 25 August 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
To build a comprehensive understanding of long-term hydro-mechanical processes that lead to shallow landslide hazards, this study explicitly monitored the volumetric water content (VWC) and rainfall amount for a weathered granite soil slope over a four year period. From the 12 operational landslide monitoring stations installed across South Korea, the Songnisan station was selected as the study site. VWC sensors were placed in the subsurface with a grid-like arrangement at depths of 0.5 and 1.0 m. Shallow landslide hazards were evaluated by applying an infinite slope stability model that adopted a previously proposed unified effective stress concept. By analyzing the variations in the monitored VWC values, the derived matric suctions and suction stresses, and the calculated factor of safety values, we were able to obtain numerous valuable insights. In particular, the seasonal effects of drainage and evapotranspiration on the slope moisture conditions and slope stability were addressed. Preliminary test results indicated that continuous rainfall successfully represented the derived matric suction conditions at a depth of 1.0 m in the lower slope, although this was not the case for the upper and middle slopes. The significance of a future study on cumulative field monitoring data from various sites in different geological conditions is highlighted. View Full-Text
Keywords: shallow landslides; landslide monitoring; infinite slope stability; rainfall; volumetric water content; matric suction shallow landslides; landslide monitoring; infinite slope stability; rainfall; volumetric water content; matric suction
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kim, K.-S.; Jeong, S.-W.; Song, Y.-S.; Kim, M.; Park, J.-Y. Four-Year Monitoring Study of Shallow Landslide Hazards Based on Hydrological Measurements in a Weathered Granite Soil Slope in South Korea. Water 2021, 13, 2330. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172330

AMA Style

Kim K-S, Jeong S-W, Song Y-S, Kim M, Park J-Y. Four-Year Monitoring Study of Shallow Landslide Hazards Based on Hydrological Measurements in a Weathered Granite Soil Slope in South Korea. Water. 2021; 13(17):2330. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172330

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kim, Kyeong-Su, Sueng-Won Jeong, Young-Suk Song, Minseok Kim, and Joon-Young Park. 2021. "Four-Year Monitoring Study of Shallow Landslide Hazards Based on Hydrological Measurements in a Weathered Granite Soil Slope in South Korea" Water 13, no. 17: 2330. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13172330

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