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Article

Resident Perceptions of Ecosystem Services Provided by U.S. Coral Reefs: Highlights from the First Cycle of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program’s Socioeconomic Survey

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Lynker, Inc. under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Coral Reef Conservation Program Contract No. 1305M218FNCNP0157, 202 Church Street SE, #536, Leesburg, VA 20175, USA
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CSS, Inc. under National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science Contract No. EA133C-14-NC-1384, 2750 Prosperity Avenue, Suite 220, Fairfax, VA 22031, USA
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National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science, Building SSMC4, 1305 East-West Highway, Silver Spring, MD 20910, USA
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National Institute for Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Drive, Gaithersburg, MD 20899, USA
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Department of Geography, San Diego State University, 5500 Campanile Drive, San Diego, CA 92182, USA
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South Carolina Sea Grant Consortium, 287 Meeting Street, Charleston, SC 29401, USA
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Pew Charitable Trusts, 901 E Street, NW, Washington, DC 20004, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kevin B. Strychar
Water 2021, 13(15), 2081; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152081
Received: 29 June 2021 / Revised: 22 July 2021 / Accepted: 27 July 2021 / Published: 30 July 2021
Despite being among the most valuable ecosystems on Earth, coral reefs face ongoing threats that could negatively impact the human populations who depend on them. The National Coral Reef Monitoring Program (NCRMP) collects and monitors data on various aspects of U.S. coral reefs to provide a holistic understanding of the status of the reefs and adjacent human communities. This paper explores results from the NCRMP’s first socioeconomic monitoring cycle using an ecosystem services framework and examines how these results can be used to improve coral reef management in the following U.S. coral reef jurisdictions: American Samoa, the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, Florida, Guam, Hawai’i, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Results suggest that residents in the U.S. Pacific coral reef basin may hold stronger cultural and provisioning values, whereas residents in the U.S. Atlantic coral reef basin may hold stronger regulating values. These findings suggest that outreach efforts have been successful in communicating benefits provided by coral reef ecosystems to the public. They also provide insight into which ecosystem services are valued in each jurisdiction, allowing resource managers to make science-based decisions about how to communicate conservation and management initiatives. View Full-Text
Keywords: coral reefs; ecosystem services; socioeconomic monitoring; human dimensions; social-ecological systems; ecosystem-based management coral reefs; ecosystem services; socioeconomic monitoring; human dimensions; social-ecological systems; ecosystem-based management
MDPI and ACS Style

Allen, M.E.; Fleming, C.S.; Gonyo, S.B.; Towle, E.K.; Dillard, M.K.; Levine, A.; Gorstein, M.; Loerzel, J.; Regan, S.D.; Zito, B.M.; Edwards, P.E.T. Resident Perceptions of Ecosystem Services Provided by U.S. Coral Reefs: Highlights from the First Cycle of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program’s Socioeconomic Survey. Water 2021, 13, 2081. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152081

AMA Style

Allen ME, Fleming CS, Gonyo SB, Towle EK, Dillard MK, Levine A, Gorstein M, Loerzel J, Regan SD, Zito BM, Edwards PET. Resident Perceptions of Ecosystem Services Provided by U.S. Coral Reefs: Highlights from the First Cycle of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program’s Socioeconomic Survey. Water. 2021; 13(15):2081. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152081

Chicago/Turabian Style

Allen, Mary E., Chloe S. Fleming, Sarah B. Gonyo, Erica K. Towle, Maria K. Dillard, Arielle Levine, Matt Gorstein, Jarrod Loerzel, Seann D. Regan, Ben M. Zito, and Peter E.T. Edwards 2021. "Resident Perceptions of Ecosystem Services Provided by U.S. Coral Reefs: Highlights from the First Cycle of the National Coral Reef Monitoring Program’s Socioeconomic Survey" Water 13, no. 15: 2081. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13152081

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