Next Article in Journal
Possibilities of Using Neuro-Fuzzy Models for Post-Processing of Hydrological Forecasts
Previous Article in Journal
A Comparative Analysis of Root Growth Modules in HYDRUS for SWC of Rice under Deficit Drip Irrigation
Previous Article in Special Issue
Performance Comparison of Vertical Flow Treatment Wetlands Planted with the Ornamental Plant Zantedeschia aethiopica Operated under Arid and Mediterranean Climate Conditions
Review

Diffuse Water Pollution from Agriculture: A Review of Nature-Based Solutions for Nitrogen Removal and Recovery

1
Department of Agricultural and Food Sciences, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Viale Giuseppe Fanin 50, 40127 Bologna, Italy
2
CIRI FRAME-Interdepartmental Centre for Industrial Research in Renewable Resources, Environment, Sea and Energy, Alma Mater Studiorum-University of Bologna, Via Selmi 2, 40126 Bologna, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alexandros Stefanakis and Nicolas Kalogerakis
Water 2021, 13(14), 1893; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141893
Received: 4 June 2021 / Revised: 30 June 2021 / Accepted: 7 July 2021 / Published: 8 July 2021
The implementation of nature-based solutions (NBSs) can be a suitable and sustainable approach to coping with environmental issues related to diffuse water pollution from agriculture. NBSs exploit natural mitigation processes that can promote the removal of different contaminants from agricultural wastewater, and they can also enable the recovery of otherwise lost resources (i.e., nutrients). Among these, nitrogen impacts different ecosystems, resulting in serious environmental and human health issues. Recent research activities have investigated the capability of NBS to remove nitrogen from polluted water. However, the regulating mechanisms for nitrogen removal can be complex, since a wide range of decontamination pathways, such as plant uptake, microbial degradation, substrate adsorption and filtration, precipitation, sedimentation, and volatilization, can be involved. Investigating these processes is beneficial for the enhancement of the performance of NBSs. The present study provides a comprehensive review of factors that can influence nitrogen removal in different types of NBSs, and the possible strategies for nitrogen recovery that have been reported in the literature. View Full-Text
Keywords: nitrogen; constructed wetlands; buffer strips; vegetated channels; water sediment control basins; water pollution nitrogen; constructed wetlands; buffer strips; vegetated channels; water sediment control basins; water pollution
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Mancuso, G.; Bencresciuto, G.F.; Lavrnić, S.; Toscano, A. Diffuse Water Pollution from Agriculture: A Review of Nature-Based Solutions for Nitrogen Removal and Recovery. Water 2021, 13, 1893. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141893

AMA Style

Mancuso G, Bencresciuto GF, Lavrnić S, Toscano A. Diffuse Water Pollution from Agriculture: A Review of Nature-Based Solutions for Nitrogen Removal and Recovery. Water. 2021; 13(14):1893. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141893

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mancuso, Giuseppe, Grazia F. Bencresciuto, Stevo Lavrnić, and Attilio Toscano. 2021. "Diffuse Water Pollution from Agriculture: A Review of Nature-Based Solutions for Nitrogen Removal and Recovery" Water 13, no. 14: 1893. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13141893

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop