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Article

Iprodione Removal by UV-Light-, Zero-Valent Iron- and Zero-Valent Aluminium-Activated Persulfate Oxidation Processes in Pure Water and Simulated Tertiary Treated Urban Wastewater

Department of Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, Ayazaga Campus, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, Istanbul 34469, Turkey
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jorge Rodríguez-Chueca, Miray Bekbolet and Isabella Natali Sora
Water 2021, 13(12), 1679; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121679
Received: 8 March 2021 / Revised: 7 June 2021 / Accepted: 15 June 2021 / Published: 17 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue New Perspectives in Photocatalytic Water Treatment)
The degradation of iprodione (IPR), a once frequently used but recently banned dicarboximide fungicide, by UV-C light-, zero-valent iron- (ZVI), and zero-valent aluminium (ZVA)-activated persulfate (PS) oxidation processes was comparatively studied in distilled (pure) water (DW) and simulated, tertiary treated urban wastewater (SWW). The performance of PS-activated oxidation processes was examined by following IPR (2–10 mg/L) removal, PS (0.01–1.00 mM) consumption, metal ion release (for the two heterogeneous catalytic oxidation processes), dissolved organic carbon (DOC) removal as well as hydroxylated aromatic and low molecular weight aliphatic degradation products. The effect of pH and PS concentrations on IPR removal was examined in DW. While the experiments in DW highlighted the superior performance of UV-C/PS treatment (with 78% DOC removal after 120 min at pH = 6.2), the performance of UV-C/PS treatment decreased sharply (to 24% DOC removal after 120 min at pH = 6.8) in the complex wastewater matrix (in SWW). Complete IPR (in 20 min) and 40% DOC (in 120 min) removals were obtained with ZVI/PS treatment (1 g/L ZVI, 1.5 mM PS, pH = 3.0), which was the most effective oxidation process in SWW. The treatment performance was strongly influenced by the SWW constituents, and UV-C/PS treatment appeared to be the most sensitive to it. View Full-Text
Keywords: iprodione removal; UV-C-activated persulfate; zero-valent iron-activated persulfate; zero-valent aluminium-activated persulfate; performance in simulated urban wastewater iprodione removal; UV-C-activated persulfate; zero-valent iron-activated persulfate; zero-valent aluminium-activated persulfate; performance in simulated urban wastewater
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MDPI and ACS Style

Montazeri, B.; Koba-Ucun, O.; Arslan-Alaton, I.; Olmez-Hanci, T. Iprodione Removal by UV-Light-, Zero-Valent Iron- and Zero-Valent Aluminium-Activated Persulfate Oxidation Processes in Pure Water and Simulated Tertiary Treated Urban Wastewater. Water 2021, 13, 1679. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121679

AMA Style

Montazeri B, Koba-Ucun O, Arslan-Alaton I, Olmez-Hanci T. Iprodione Removal by UV-Light-, Zero-Valent Iron- and Zero-Valent Aluminium-Activated Persulfate Oxidation Processes in Pure Water and Simulated Tertiary Treated Urban Wastewater. Water. 2021; 13(12):1679. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121679

Chicago/Turabian Style

Montazeri, Bahareh, Olga Koba-Ucun, Idil Arslan-Alaton, and Tugba Olmez-Hanci. 2021. "Iprodione Removal by UV-Light-, Zero-Valent Iron- and Zero-Valent Aluminium-Activated Persulfate Oxidation Processes in Pure Water and Simulated Tertiary Treated Urban Wastewater" Water 13, no. 12: 1679. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13121679

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