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Article

Research on the Measurement and Influencing Factors of Implicit Water Resources in Import and Export Trade from the Perspective of Global Value Chains

1
School of Economics and Management, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China
2
College of Economics and Management, Zhejiang A&F University, Hangzhou 311300, China
3
School of Economics and Management, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David R. Oglethorpe
Water 2021, 13(11), 1498; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111498
Received: 23 March 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 19 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Research on the Economic Value of Virtual Water)
In this study, China’s virtual water trade was measured on the basis of multi-region input/output tables, and its influencing factors of change were decomposed. The results revealed that virtual water export and import increased from 161.5 billion tons and 114.07 billion tons in 2007 to 193.31 billion tons and 157.1 billion tons in 2014, respectively. Eight economies accounted for more than 50% of China’s total virtual water export and import, whereby the total of the United States, Japan, and Europe reached 44% (export) and 31.3% (import). The export scale, export of intermediate products, export industry structure, domestic water consumption coefficient, and domestic intermediate input structure were the main factors of the change in virtual water export. The growth of export scale was the primary reason for the growth of virtual water export. A decline in the domestic water consumption coefficient was the primary reason for the restrained growth of virtual water export. The import scale, import of intermediate products, import industry structure, water consumption coefficient of foreign countries, and the correlation among domestic industries were the main factors affecting the change in virtual water import. The growth of import scale was the primary reason for the growth of virtual water import in most sectors. A decline in the water consumption coefficient abroad was the primary reason for the restrained growth of virtual water import. View Full-Text
Keywords: virtual water; global value chain; input/output model; structural decomposition virtual water; global value chain; input/output model; structural decomposition
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, M.; Xu, C.; Wang, F.; Xiong, L.; Zhou, K. Research on the Measurement and Influencing Factors of Implicit Water Resources in Import and Export Trade from the Perspective of Global Value Chains. Water 2021, 13, 1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111498

AMA Style

Huang M, Xu C, Wang F, Xiong L, Zhou K. Research on the Measurement and Influencing Factors of Implicit Water Resources in Import and Export Trade from the Perspective of Global Value Chains. Water. 2021; 13(11):1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111498

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Min, Chengying Xu, Fengting Wang, Lichun Xiong, and Kai Zhou. 2021. "Research on the Measurement and Influencing Factors of Implicit Water Resources in Import and Export Trade from the Perspective of Global Value Chains" Water 13, no. 11: 1498. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111498

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