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Article

Ionic Runoff as a Way to Determine the Degree of Karst Denudation (Case Study Jasov Plateau, Slovak Karst, Slovakia)

1
Institute of Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences, P.J. Šafárik University, 040 01 Košice, Slovakia
2
Museum Betliar, Slovak National Museum, 049 21 Betliar, Slovakia
3
Hertelendi Laboratory of Environmental Studies, Institute for Nuclear Research, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-4026 Debrecen, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francesco Fiorillo
Water 2021, 13(11), 1449; https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111449
Received: 15 April 2021 / Revised: 19 May 2021 / Accepted: 20 May 2021 / Published: 21 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
Estimation of the catchment area of a karst spring is not possible in all areas for various reasons. The Slovak Karst is protected by the highest degree of protection and karst springs are used as a source of drinking water for the second largest city in Slovakia, Košice. From this reason, no results on ionic runoff or chemical denudation have been published from this area and the most appropriate way to obtain information about the denudation rate is to determine the ionic runoff. This paper provides an overview of ionic runoff results based on sampling and analysis of karst water from six springs in the period November 2013–October 2016 (three hydrological years) and periodic measurements. Springs have significantly fluctuated flow rates from 0 L/s in summer and autumn up to 192 L/s, and episodic events during the snow melting and heavy rain in the spring of 2013 are also known (more than 380 L/s). The total value of ionic runoff for the area of 40,847 m3/y.km2 is comparable with the Vracanska Plateau in Bulgaria, which lies at a similar altitude and with a similar amount of precipitation. View Full-Text
Keywords: ionic runoff; denudation rate; Slovak karst; karst springs ionic runoff; denudation rate; Slovak karst; karst springs
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gessert, A.; Sládek, I.; Straková, V.; Braun, M.; Heim, E.; Czébely, A.; Palcsu, L. Ionic Runoff as a Way to Determine the Degree of Karst Denudation (Case Study Jasov Plateau, Slovak Karst, Slovakia). Water 2021, 13, 1449. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111449

AMA Style

Gessert A, Sládek I, Straková V, Braun M, Heim E, Czébely A, Palcsu L. Ionic Runoff as a Way to Determine the Degree of Karst Denudation (Case Study Jasov Plateau, Slovak Karst, Slovakia). Water. 2021; 13(11):1449. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111449

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gessert, Alena, Imrich Sládek, Veronika Straková, Mihály Braun, Enikő Heim, Andrea Czébely, and László Palcsu. 2021. "Ionic Runoff as a Way to Determine the Degree of Karst Denudation (Case Study Jasov Plateau, Slovak Karst, Slovakia)" Water 13, no. 11: 1449. https://doi.org/10.3390/w13111449

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