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Article

Are Water User Associations Prepared for a Second-Generation Modernization? The Case of the Valencian Community (Spain)

1
Centro Valenciano de Estudios del Riego, CVER, Universitat Politècnica de Valènica, Camí de Vera s/n, 46022 València, Spain
2
Departamento de Estadística e Investigación Operativa Aplicadas y Calidad, Universitat Politècnica de Valènica, Camí de Vera s/n, 46022 València, Spain
3
INGENIO (CSIC-UPV), Universitat Politècnica de Valènica, Camí de Vera s/n, 46022 València, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(8), 2136; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082136
Received: 28 May 2020 / Revised: 20 July 2020 / Accepted: 25 July 2020 / Published: 28 July 2020
This work focuses on the situation of the technological transition to new technologies in drip irrigation in the Valencian Community (Spain). The study covers the last decade with data from interviews to managers of Irrigation Communities in 2010 and 2018. We analyze the main technological problems in seven topics: (i) Catchment & Pumping; (ii) Storage & Regulation; (iii) Treatment & Filtering; (iv) Transport & Distribution; (v) Maneuver, Regulation & Protection; (vi) Automation; (vii) Theft and Vandalism. We also have researched the influence of the performance of the Automation system, the presence of a technician in the Irrigation Community and the use of sensors or climatic data. Results show that problems related to technological maintenance of filtering systems or automation are very common and important and they are more important in large Irrigation Communities. We have also observed that mostly large ICs are using sensors or climatic data for their irrigation schedule. We can conclude that their current situation is focused in the daily maintenance of technological problems, inherited from the first modernization processes at the beginning of 21st century. Hence, they are far away from a second stage of modernization or the smart irrigation pushed by the new advances on technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: new irrigation technologies; WUAs; modernization; professionalization; technical management; drip irrigation; collective management new irrigation technologies; WUAs; modernization; professionalization; technical management; drip irrigation; collective management
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MDPI and ACS Style

González-Pavón, C.; Arviza-Valverde, J.; Balbastre-Peralta, I.; Carot Sierra, J.M.; Palau-Salvador, G. Are Water User Associations Prepared for a Second-Generation Modernization? The Case of the Valencian Community (Spain). Water 2020, 12, 2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082136

AMA Style

González-Pavón C, Arviza-Valverde J, Balbastre-Peralta I, Carot Sierra JM, Palau-Salvador G. Are Water User Associations Prepared for a Second-Generation Modernization? The Case of the Valencian Community (Spain). Water. 2020; 12(8):2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082136

Chicago/Turabian Style

González-Pavón, César, Jaime Arviza-Valverde, Ibán Balbastre-Peralta, José Miguel Carot Sierra, and Guillermo Palau-Salvador. 2020. "Are Water User Associations Prepared for a Second-Generation Modernization? The Case of the Valencian Community (Spain)" Water 12, no. 8: 2136. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12082136

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