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Article

Addressing the Water–Energy Nexus by Coupling the Hydrological Model with a New Energy LISENGY Model: A Case Study in the Iberian Peninsula

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), 21027 Ispra (VA), Italy
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Water 2020, 12(3), 762; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030762
Received: 14 February 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 6 March 2020 / Published: 10 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Water, Agriculture and Aquaculture)
As water is required for producing hydropower, and subsequently the water balance is changed for downstream areas, the linking of hydrological and energy models is needed to properly address the interactions among them. In this study, volume–depth-based water storage estimation models were proposed for individual lakes and reservoirs in the Iberian Peninsula using the 30-year Global Water Surface dataset and reservoir morphometry methodology which enables to evaluate reservoirs where data were not available before. The models were subsequently implemented within the new hydropower model called LISENGY that provides the first comprehensive assessment of the temporal and spatial dynamics of water storage, water depth and hydropower production in the Iberian Peninsula. The LISENGY model was coupled with the distributed LISFLOOD hydrological model. The seasonal and interannual changes in energy production were assessed for 168 studied reservoirs with diverse morphometries, which is unique. Conical, concave and convex regression reservoir relationships were distinguished, and optimized turbine discharge and power production were computed. A 10-year water–energy linked system for the 2007–2016 period has been established for the Iberian Peninsula which was not available before. The results showed that it is possible to connect those two models and that the timing and magnitude of simulated storage were well reproduced. The study represents the first step towards integrated pan-European water–energy modeling. Future climate scenarios and energy demands are to be fed into the linked model system to evaluate expected future hydropower generation and possible water scarcity issues. View Full-Text
Keywords: LISFLOOD; LISENGY; water–energy nexus; Global Water Surface dataset LISFLOOD; LISENGY; water–energy nexus; Global Water Surface dataset
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MDPI and ACS Style

Adamovic, M.; Gelati, E.; Bisselink, B.; Roo, A.D. Addressing the Water–Energy Nexus by Coupling the Hydrological Model with a New Energy LISENGY Model: A Case Study in the Iberian Peninsula. Water 2020, 12, 762. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030762

AMA Style

Adamovic M, Gelati E, Bisselink B, Roo AD. Addressing the Water–Energy Nexus by Coupling the Hydrological Model with a New Energy LISENGY Model: A Case Study in the Iberian Peninsula. Water. 2020; 12(3):762. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030762

Chicago/Turabian Style

Adamovic, Marko, Emiliano Gelati, Berny Bisselink, and Ad D. Roo. 2020. "Addressing the Water–Energy Nexus by Coupling the Hydrological Model with a New Energy LISENGY Model: A Case Study in the Iberian Peninsula" Water 12, no. 3: 762. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12030762

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