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Improving Irrigation Scheduling Using MOSES Short-Term Irrigation Forecasts and In Situ Water Resources Measurements on Alluvial Soils of Lower Danube Floodplain, Romania

1
National Institute of Hydrology and Water Management, 013686 București, Romania
2
National Meteorological Administration, 013686 București, Romania
3
Arpae—Regional Agency for Prevention, Environment and Energy of Emilia-Romagna, 40122 Bologna, Italy
4
Esri, 00182 Roma, Italy
5
PALTIN International Inc., Laurel, MD 20707, USA
6
Agriculture Research and Development Station, 810570 Brăila, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(2), 520; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12020520
Received: 22 December 2019 / Revised: 6 February 2020 / Accepted: 10 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
In recent decades, water scarcity has become a frequent and widespread phenomenon. Intensification of water scarcity will have economic impact on the main water-using sectors. The highest pressure on the water resources is exerted by agriculture. Irrigation is the largest consumer of the agriculture sector and the efficient use of water is of utmost importance. The aim of this study is to explore the capability of an innovative platform that combines Earth Observation data, weather forecasts and numerical simulations to plan more precisely water allocation in space and time in the irrigated agriculture. This platform, created in the framework of MOSES, provides in Romania short-term irrigation forecasts adapted to the hydrological behavior of alluvial soils specific to the Lower Danube Floodplain. The short-term irrigation forecasts have been tested with applied water volumes and in situ water resources measurements in order to assess the water allocation in the irrigated agriculture. Although irrigation forecast was run operationally only one crop year (2017–2018), in the framework of MOSES Project, the comparison revealed that the irrigation scheduling in this area is more influenced by the infrastructure characteristics and less by the spatial distribution of crop water needs and availability of water resources. Our results show that short-term irrigation forecasts accompanied by real time monitoring of water resources could be successfully used in the irrigation scheduling activity for improving water allocation in space and time in the irrigated agriculture. View Full-Text
Keywords: irrigation scheduling; EO data; weather forecast; numerical simulation; short-term irrigation forecast; crop water needs; in situ water resources measurements irrigation scheduling; EO data; weather forecast; numerical simulation; short-term irrigation forecast; crop water needs; in situ water resources measurements
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Chitu, Z.; Tomei, F.; Villani, G.; Di Felice, A.; Zampelli, G.; Paltineanu, I.C.; Visinescu, I.; Dumitrescu, A.; Bularda, M.; Neagu, D.; Costache, R.; Luca, E. Improving Irrigation Scheduling Using MOSES Short-Term Irrigation Forecasts and In Situ Water Resources Measurements on Alluvial Soils of Lower Danube Floodplain, Romania. Water 2020, 12, 520.

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