Next Article in Journal
Groundwater Circulation in the Xianshui River Fault Region: A Hydrogeochemical Study
Previous Article in Journal
Monitoring the Hydrological Balance of a Landslide-Prone Slope Covered by Pyroclastic Deposits over Limestone Fractured Bedrock
Previous Article in Special Issue
Hydrometeorological and Socio-Economic Impact Assessment of Stream Flooding in Southeast Mediterranean: The Case of Rafina Catchment (Attica, Greece)
Article

I2-RED: A Massive Update and Quality Control of the Italian Annual Extreme Rainfall Dataset

Politecnico di Torino, Department of Environment, Land and Infrastructure Engineering, 10129 Torino, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(12), 3308; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123308
Received: 6 October 2020 / Revised: 20 November 2020 / Accepted: 23 November 2020 / Published: 25 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Extreme Rainfall and Floods in the Mediterranean Regions)
The collection and management of hydrological data in Italy has been dealt with at national level, initially, by the National Hydrological Service (SIMN), and at regional level in the last 40 years. This change has determined problems in the availability of complete and homogeneous data for the whole country. As of 2020, an updated and quality-controlled dataset of the historical annual maxima rainfall in Italy is still lacking. The Italian Rainfall Extreme Dataset (I-RED) has recently been created to allow studies to be performed with a homogeneous dataset at a national level. In this paper, the methodological approach adopted to build an improved and quality-controlled version of I-RED (in terms of both the rainfall depth values and the position of the rain gauges) is presented. The new database can be used as a more reliable research support for the frequency analysis of the rainfall extremes. This new I2-RED database contains rainfall annual maxima rainfall of 1, 3, 6, 12 and 24 h from 1916 until 2019, counts 5265 rain gauges and has been corroborated by a re-positioning and elevation-checking of 15% of the stations. A descriptive analysis of the maximum values of the stations, which provides an additional quality check and reveals different intriguing spatial features of Super-Extreme rainfall events, is also presented. View Full-Text
Keywords: annual maxima; dataset; rainfall; rainfall frequency analysis; Super-Extreme annual maxima; dataset; rainfall; rainfall frequency analysis; Super-Extreme
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Mazzoglio, P.; Butera, I.; Claps, P. I2-RED: A Massive Update and Quality Control of the Italian Annual Extreme Rainfall Dataset. Water 2020, 12, 3308. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123308

AMA Style

Mazzoglio P, Butera I, Claps P. I2-RED: A Massive Update and Quality Control of the Italian Annual Extreme Rainfall Dataset. Water. 2020; 12(12):3308. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123308

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mazzoglio, Paola, Ilaria Butera, and Pierluigi Claps. 2020. "I2-RED: A Massive Update and Quality Control of the Italian Annual Extreme Rainfall Dataset" Water 12, no. 12: 3308. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123308

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop