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An Integrated GIS-Hydro Modeling Methodology for Surface Runoff Exploitation via Small-Scale Reservoirs

1
Department of Geography, Harokopio University of Athens, 17671 Athens, Greece
2
Laboratory of Technical Geology and Hydrogeology, Sector of Geological Sciences, School of Mining and Metallurgical Engineering, National Technical University of Athens, 15780 Athens, Greece
3
Department of Surveying Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Athens, 12243 Athens, Greece
4
Department of Natural Resources Development and Agricultural Engineering, Agricultural University of Athens, 11855 Athens, Greece
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3182; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113182
Received: 21 October 2020 / Revised: 8 November 2020 / Accepted: 9 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
Efficient and sustainable exploitation of water resources requires the adoption of innovative and contemporary management techniques, a need that becomes even more demanding due to climate change and increasing pressures coming from anthropogenic activities. An important outcome of this reality is the qualitative and quantitative degradation of groundwater, which clearly indicates the need to exploit surface runoff. This study presents an integrated Geographic Information System (GIS)-based methodological framework for revealing and selecting suitable locations to build small-scale reservoirs and exploit surface runoff. In this framework, the SWAT model was used to quantify surface runoff, followed by the simulation of reservoir scenarios through reservoir simulation software. Andros Island (located in Cyclades Prefecture), Greece was selected as the study area. The obtained results indicated the most suitable location for creating a reservoir for maximizing exploitation of surface runoff, based on the specific water demands of the nearby areas and the existing meteorological, hydrological, and geological background potential. Thus, two selected dam locations are analyzed by using the proposed framework. The findings showed that the first dam site is inappropriate for creating a reservoir, as it cannot meet the demand for large water extraction volumes. In addition, the outcomes confirmed the efficiency of the proposed methodology in optimum selection of locations to construct small-scale water exploitation works. This research presents a contemporary methodological framework that highlights the capability of GIS, SWAT modeling, and reservoir simulation coupling in detecting optimal locations for constructing small reservoirs. View Full-Text
Keywords: reservoirs; Water Resources Management; local development; modeling; SWAT; GIS reservoirs; Water Resources Management; local development; modeling; SWAT; GIS
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kalogeropoulos, K.; Stathopoulos, N.; Psarogiannis, A.; Pissias, E.; Louka, P.; Petropoulos, G.P.; Chalkias, C. An Integrated GIS-Hydro Modeling Methodology for Surface Runoff Exploitation via Small-Scale Reservoirs. Water 2020, 12, 3182. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113182

AMA Style

Kalogeropoulos K, Stathopoulos N, Psarogiannis A, Pissias E, Louka P, Petropoulos GP, Chalkias C. An Integrated GIS-Hydro Modeling Methodology for Surface Runoff Exploitation via Small-Scale Reservoirs. Water. 2020; 12(11):3182. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113182

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kalogeropoulos, Kleomenis; Stathopoulos, Nikolaos; Psarogiannis, Athanasios; Pissias, Evangelos; Louka, Panagiota; Petropoulos, George P.; Chalkias, Christos. 2020. "An Integrated GIS-Hydro Modeling Methodology for Surface Runoff Exploitation via Small-Scale Reservoirs" Water 12, no. 11: 3182. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113182

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