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Article

Reaction of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. to Water Treated with Low-Temperature, Low-Pressure Glow Plasma of Low Frequency

1
Institute of Chemistry, Jan Długosz University, Armii Krajowej Ave. 13-15, 42 201 Częstochowa, Poland
2
Institute of Chemistry and Inorganic Technology, Krakow University of Technology, Warszawska Str. 24, 31 155 Krakow, Poland
3
Nantes Nanotechnological Systems, Dolnych Młynów Str. 24, 59 700 Bolesławiec, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3168; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113168
Received: 16 September 2020 / Revised: 30 October 2020 / Accepted: 7 November 2020 / Published: 12 November 2020
Lavandula angustifolia was watered with either deionized tap water treated with low-temperature, low-pressure glow plasma of low frequency in the air (LPGPA), under oxygen-free nitrogen (LPGPN), methane (LPGPM), carbon dioxide (LPGPC) or molecular oxygen (LPGPO). The crop yields were slightly dependent on the type of water used for watering. Notably, only plants watered with LPGPN showed a slightly higher crop yield. The plants also contained a higher level of protein and bioaccumulated magnesium. The type of water had a considerable and specific effect on the yield of isolated essential oils and their composition. The yield of essential oil decreased in the following order LPGPA = LPGPN (0.4 g/100 g dry mass) > LPGPC = LPGPO (0.3 g/100 g dry mass) > LPGPM = non-treated water (0.2 g/100 g dry mass). The composition of the isolated essential oils varied depending on the type of water used for watering, which influences their role as a fragrant component of cosmetics, and in herbal therapy and aromatherapy. View Full-Text
Keywords: aromatherapy; essential oils; fragrance; herbal medicine; lavender aromatherapy; essential oils; fragrance; herbal medicine; lavender
MDPI and ACS Style

Ciesielska, K.; Ciesielski, W.; Girek, T.; Kołoczek, H.; Oszczęda, Z.; Tomasik, P. Reaction of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. to Water Treated with Low-Temperature, Low-Pressure Glow Plasma of Low Frequency. Water 2020, 12, 3168. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113168

AMA Style

Ciesielska K, Ciesielski W, Girek T, Kołoczek H, Oszczęda Z, Tomasik P. Reaction of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. to Water Treated with Low-Temperature, Low-Pressure Glow Plasma of Low Frequency. Water. 2020; 12(11):3168. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113168

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ciesielska, Katarzyna, Wojciech Ciesielski, Tomasz Girek, Henryk Kołoczek, Zdzisław Oszczęda, and Piotr Tomasik. 2020. "Reaction of Lavandula angustifolia Mill. to Water Treated with Low-Temperature, Low-Pressure Glow Plasma of Low Frequency" Water 12, no. 11: 3168. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113168

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