Next Article in Journal
Kinetics, Mechanism, and Toxicity of Amlodipine Degradation by the UV/Chlorine Process
Next Article in Special Issue
Distribution and Public Health Significance of Vibrio Pathogens Recovered from Selected Treated Effluents in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
Previous Article in Journal
Improving Water Quality in the Wet Tropics, Australia: A Conceptual Framework and Case Study
Article

Barriers and Enabling Factors for Central and Household Level Water Treatment in a Refugee Setting: A Mixed-Method Study among Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh

1
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Environmental Interventions Unit, Infectious Diseases Division, Bangladesh, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
2
International Rescue Committee, Dhaka 1212, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3149; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113149
Received: 15 September 2020 / Revised: 7 October 2020 / Accepted: 15 October 2020 / Published: 10 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drinking Water Quality and Human Health)
Water chlorination is widely used in emergency responses to reduce diarrheal diseases, although communities with no prior exposure to chlorinated drinking water can have low acceptability. To better inform water treatment interventions, the study explored acceptability, barriers, and motivating-factors of a piped water chlorination program, and household level chlorine-tablet distribution, in place for four months in Rohingya refugee camps, Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. We collected data from June to August 2018 from four purposively selected refugee camps using structured observation, key-informant-interviews, transect-walks, group discussions, focus-group discussions, and in-depth-interviews with males, females, adolescent girls, and community leaders. Smell and taste of chlorinated water were commonly reported barriers among the population that had previously consumed groundwater. Poor quality source-water and suboptimal resultant treated-water, and long-queues for water collection were common complaints. Chlorine-tablet users reported inadequate and interrupted tablet supply, and inconsistent information delivered by different organisations caused confusion. Respondents reported fear of adverse-effects of "chemicals/medicine" used to treat water, especially fear of religious conversion. Water treatment options were reported as easy-to-use, and perceived health-benefits were motivating-factors. In vulnerable refugee communities, community and religious-leaders can formulate and deliver messages to address water taste and smell, instil trust, allay fears, and address rumours/misinformation to maximise early uptake. View Full-Text
Keywords: water treatment; point-of-delivery; point-of use (POU); barriers of water treatment; enabling factors for water treatment; Rohingya refugees; qualitative; mixed-methods; Cox’s Bazar; Bangladesh water treatment; point-of-delivery; point-of use (POU); barriers of water treatment; enabling factors for water treatment; Rohingya refugees; qualitative; mixed-methods; Cox’s Bazar; Bangladesh
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Alam, M.-U.; Unicomb, L.; Ahasan, S.M.M.; Amin, N.; Biswas, D.; Ferdous, S.; Afrin, A.; Sarker, S.; Rahman, M. Barriers and Enabling Factors for Central and Household Level Water Treatment in a Refugee Setting: A Mixed-Method Study among Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Water 2020, 12, 3149. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113149

AMA Style

Alam M-U, Unicomb L, Ahasan SMM, Amin N, Biswas D, Ferdous S, Afrin A, Sarker S, Rahman M. Barriers and Enabling Factors for Central and Household Level Water Treatment in a Refugee Setting: A Mixed-Method Study among Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh. Water. 2020; 12(11):3149. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113149

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alam, Mahbub-Ul; Unicomb, Leanne; Ahasan, S.M. M.; Amin, Nuhu; Biswas, Debashish; Ferdous, Sharika; Afrin, Ayesha; Sarker, Supta; Rahman, Mahbubur. 2020. "Barriers and Enabling Factors for Central and Household Level Water Treatment in a Refugee Setting: A Mixed-Method Study among Rohingyas in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh" Water 12, no. 11: 3149. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113149

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop