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Article

Numerical Simulation of Free Surface Flow on Spillways and Channel Chutes with Wall and Step Abutments by Coupling Turbulence and Air Entrainment Models

1
Falculty of Water Resources Engineering, Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Ha Noi 116705, Vietnam
2
Falculty of Civil Engineering, Thuyloi University, 175 Tay Son, Dong Da, Ha Noi 116705, Vietnam
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 3036; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113036
Received: 27 September 2020 / Revised: 21 October 2020 / Accepted: 23 October 2020 / Published: 29 October 2020
Spillways and channel chutes are widely used in hydraulic works. Two kinds of abutment—walls and steps—are usually constructed to dissipate energy; however, they may also cause cavitation at the abutment position. In this study, we used Flow 3D with the Reynolds-averaged Navier–Stokes (RANS) and large eddy simulation (LES) turbulent models which included air entrainment to simulate the free surface flow through the spillway, channel chute and stilling basin of the Ngan Truoi construction to optimize the configuration of walls and dams. We measured the water level, velocity and pressure to estimate the influence of grid size and the turbulent model type used. Our results highlight the need to include air entrainment in the model simulating rapid flow over a hydraulic construction. With adjustments for energy loss, this study shows that walls provide the best results and the optimal distance between two walls is 2.8 m. View Full-Text
Keywords: Flow 3D; abutment; turbulence; air entrainment; energy loss Flow 3D; abutment; turbulence; air entrainment; energy loss
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hien, L.T.T.; Duc, D.H. Numerical Simulation of Free Surface Flow on Spillways and Channel Chutes with Wall and Step Abutments by Coupling Turbulence and Air Entrainment Models. Water 2020, 12, 3036. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113036

AMA Style

Hien LTT, Duc DH. Numerical Simulation of Free Surface Flow on Spillways and Channel Chutes with Wall and Step Abutments by Coupling Turbulence and Air Entrainment Models. Water. 2020; 12(11):3036. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113036

Chicago/Turabian Style

Hien, Le T.T.; Duc, Duong H. 2020. "Numerical Simulation of Free Surface Flow on Spillways and Channel Chutes with Wall and Step Abutments by Coupling Turbulence and Air Entrainment Models" Water 12, no. 11: 3036. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12113036

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