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Open AccessArticle

Effects of Baekje Weir Operation on the Stream–Aquifer Interaction in the Geum River Basin, South Korea

1
Groundwater Research Center, Geologic Environment Division, Korea Institute of Geoscience and Mineral Resources, Daejeon 34132, Korea
2
Department of Geoenvironmental Sciences, Kongju National University, Kongju 32588, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2020, 12(11), 2984; https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112984
Received: 21 September 2020 / Revised: 20 October 2020 / Accepted: 22 October 2020 / Published: 24 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology and Hydrogeology)
Hydraulic structures have a significant impact on riverine environment, leading to changes in stream–aquifer interactions. In South Korea, 16 weirs were constructed in four major rivers, in 2012, to secure sufficient water resources, and some weirs operated periodically for natural ecosystem recovery from 2017. The changed groundwater flow system due to weir operation affected the groundwater level and quality, which also affected groundwater use. In this study, we analyzed the changes in the groundwater flow system near the Geum River during the Baekje weir operation using Visual MODFLOW Classic. Groundwater data from 34 observational wells were evaluated to analyze the impact of weir operation on stream–aquifer interactions. Accordingly, the groundwater discharge rates increased from 0.23 to 0.45 cm/day following the decrease in river levels owing to weir opening, while the hydrological condition changed from gaining to losing streams following weir closure. The variation in groundwater flow affected the groundwater quality during weir operation, changing the groundwater temperature and electrical conductivity (EC). Our results suggest that stream–aquifer interactions are significantly affected by weir operation, consequently, these repeated phenomena could influence the groundwater quality and groundwater use. View Full-Text
Keywords: Baekje weir; weir operation; stream–aquifer interaction; Visual MODFLOW Baekje weir; weir operation; stream–aquifer interaction; Visual MODFLOW
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MDPI and ACS Style

Lee, H.; Koo, M.-H.; Cho, B.W.; Oh, Y.H.; Kim, Y.; Cho, S.Y.; Lee, J.-Y.; Kim, Y.; Kim, D.-H. Effects of Baekje Weir Operation on the Stream–Aquifer Interaction in the Geum River Basin, South Korea. Water 2020, 12, 2984. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112984

AMA Style

Lee H, Koo M-H, Cho BW, Oh YH, Kim Y, Cho SY, Lee J-Y, Kim Y, Kim D-H. Effects of Baekje Weir Operation on the Stream–Aquifer Interaction in the Geum River Basin, South Korea. Water. 2020; 12(11):2984. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112984

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lee, Hyeonju; Koo, Min-Ho; Cho, Byong W.; Oh, Yong H.; Kim, Yongje; Cho, Soo Y.; Lee, Jung-Yun; Kim, Yongcheol; Kim, Dong-Hun. 2020. "Effects of Baekje Weir Operation on the Stream–Aquifer Interaction in the Geum River Basin, South Korea" Water 12, no. 11: 2984. https://doi.org/10.3390/w12112984

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