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Open AccessArticle

Willingness to Pay for Enhanced Water Security in a Rapidly Developing Shale Gas Region in China

by 1,2, 1,2,*, 3 and 4
1
School of Business and Administration, Chongqing University of Science and Technology, Chongqing 401301, China
2
Chongqing Energy Economy Research Center, Chongqing 401301, China
3
Department of Research & Development, Shaanxi Haudi Investigation Design & Consulting Company, Xi’an 710000, China
4
Scenic Area Administrative Committee of Wuwei, Guzang Road, Liangzhou District, Wuwei 733000, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(9), 1888; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11091888
Received: 9 August 2019 / Revised: 6 September 2019 / Accepted: 6 September 2019 / Published: 11 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Water–Food–Energy Nexus)
With the rapid development of shale gas exploration (SGE) in China, there is an urgent need to evaluate the public’s preferences with respect to the environmental risks that go along with the exploration, which have not yet been studied in the literature. This study aims to estimate local residents’ willingness to pay (WTP) for a water security-enhanced scenario in the Fuling shale gas field, Chongqing, China. Using the double-bounded contingent valuation method, we estimate that the annual mean WTP is 32.655 Chinese yuan per year per household, which accounts for 3.80% of the basic household gas bill. The results also show that WTP is significantly influenced by the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, including the age of the respondent, household location, household income, and primary source of household income. Moreover, the respondents’ satisfaction with respect to the environmental impacts caused by SGE also has negative influences on the WTP. Thus, our analysis estimates the affected public’s benefits during SGE and provides insight into the relevant policymaking process. View Full-Text
Keywords: shale gas exploration; Fuling shale gas field; water security; contingent valuation; willingness to pay; waste-related impacts; public benefits shale gas exploration; Fuling shale gas field; water security; contingent valuation; willingness to pay; waste-related impacts; public benefits
MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, D.; Bai, D.; Yin, Z.; Fan, G. Willingness to Pay for Enhanced Water Security in a Rapidly Developing Shale Gas Region in China. Water 2019, 11, 1888.

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