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Open AccessArticle

Regional Flood Frequency Analysis for a Poorly Gauged Basin Using the Simulated Flood Data and L-Moment Method

by Do-Hun Lee 1,* and Nam Won Kim 2
1
Department of Civil Engineering, Kyung Hee University, Yongin 17104, Korea
2
Department of Land, Water and Environment Research, Korea Institute of Civil Engineering and Building Technology, Goyang 10223, Korea
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(8), 1717; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081717
Received: 31 July 2019 / Revised: 16 August 2019 / Accepted: 16 August 2019 / Published: 18 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
The design of hydraulic structures and the assessment of flood control measures require the estimation of flood quantiles. Since observed flood data are rarely available at the specific location, flood estimation in un-gauged or poorly gauged basins is a common problem in engineering hydrology. We investigated the flood estimation method in a poorly gauged basin. The flood estimation method applied the combination of rainfall-runoff model simulation and regional flood frequency analysis (RFFA). The L-moment based index flood method was performed using the annual maximum flood (AMF) data simulated by the rainfall-runoff model. The regional flood frequency distribution with 90% error bounds was derived in the Chungju dam basin of Korea, which has a drainage area of 6648 km2. The flood quantile estimates based on the simulated AMF data were consistent with the flood quantile estimates based on the observed AMF data. The widths of error bounds of regional flood frequency distribution increased sharply as the return period increased. The results suggest that the flood estimation approach applied in this study has the potential to estimate flood quantiles when the hourly rainfall measurements during major storms are widely available and the observed flood data are limited. View Full-Text
Keywords: regional flood frequency analysis; L-moment; index flood; poorly gauged basin; HEC-HMS regional flood frequency analysis; L-moment; index flood; poorly gauged basin; HEC-HMS
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Lee, D.-H.; Kim, N.W. Regional Flood Frequency Analysis for a Poorly Gauged Basin Using the Simulated Flood Data and L-Moment Method. Water 2019, 11, 1717.

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