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The Association between Hydro-Meteorological Events and Leptospirosis Hospitalizations in Santa Catarina, Brazil

1
Centro de Investigação em Saúde Pública, Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública, Universidade NOVA de Lisboa, 1600-560 Lisboa, Portugal
2
Universidade de Pernambuco, Campus Petrolina, Petrolina CEP 56328-900, Pernambuco, Brazil
3
Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), Faculdade de Ciências, Universidade de Lisboa, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal
4
Instituto Nacional de Saúde Doutor Ricardo Jorge, Av Padre Cruz, Lumiar, 1649-016 Lisboa, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(5), 1052; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11051052
Received: 15 April 2019 / Revised: 8 May 2019 / Accepted: 13 May 2019 / Published: 20 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Hydrology)
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Abstract

Extreme climatic events (ECE) are beginning to be perceived as potential causes of health disturbances. The assessment of the impacts of certain ECE to human health has become essential to health managers and caregivers. The objective of this study was to identify the association between rates of hospitalization for Leptospirosis and the occurrence of extreme hydrological events in the state Santa Catarina (Brazil) between the years 2005 and 2014. The association between Leptospirosis hospitalizations and the occurrence of floods, flash floods, and flooding events was measured through Spearman’s bivariate correlation coefficient. Flash floods corresponded to 92.6% of the total hydrological events. Coastal regions presented higher admission rates than inland. The Leptospirosis presented a seasonal pattern, with a peak in the summer months. Positive and significant correlations for monthly and annual analyzes were identified for some of the analyzed macro-regions, with higher values of correlation in the coastal region. The current results suggest the influence of the occurrence of extreme hydro-meteorological events on the variability of the hospitalization rate by Leptospirosis in the state of Santa Catarina, with significant differences found for the coastal and inland regions. View Full-Text
Keywords: health impacts; floods; health indicators; Leptospirosis health impacts; floods; health indicators; Leptospirosis
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Ercides Péres, W.; Russo, A.; Nunes, B. The Association between Hydro-Meteorological Events and Leptospirosis Hospitalizations in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Water 2019, 11, 1052.

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