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Open AccessArticle

A Conceptual Time-Varying Flood Resilience Index for Urban Areas: Munich City

Chair of Hydrology and River Basin Management, Department of Civil, Geo and Environmental Engineering, Technical University of Munich, Arcisstrasse 21, 80333 Munich, Germany
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Water 2019, 11(4), 830; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040830
Received: 9 March 2019 / Revised: 13 April 2019 / Accepted: 16 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Risk and Resilience)
In response to the increased frequency and severity of urban flooding events, flood management strategies are moving away from flood proofing towards flood resilience. The term ‘flood resilience’ has been applied with different definitions. In this paper, it is referred to as the capacity to withstand adverse effects following flooding events and the ability to quickly recover to the original system performance before the event. This paper introduces a novel time-varying Flood Resilience Index (FRI) to quantify the resilience level of households. The introduced FRI includes: (a) Physical indicators from inundation modelling for considering the adverse effects during flooding events, and (b) social and economic indicators for estimating the recovery capacity of the district in returning to the original performance level. The district of Maxvorstadt in Munich city is used for demonstrating the FRI. The time-varying FRI provides a novel insight into indicator-based quantification methods of flood resilience for households in urban areas. It enables a timeline visualization of how a system responds during and after a flooding event. View Full-Text
Keywords: flood resilience index; flood resilience analysis; urban floods; flood risk assessment; flood inundation modelling flood resilience index; flood resilience analysis; urban floods; flood risk assessment; flood inundation modelling
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MDPI and ACS Style

Chen, K.-F.; Leandro, J. A Conceptual Time-Varying Flood Resilience Index for Urban Areas: Munich City. Water 2019, 11, 830.

AMA Style

Chen K-F, Leandro J. A Conceptual Time-Varying Flood Resilience Index for Urban Areas: Munich City. Water. 2019; 11(4):830.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Chen, Kai-Feng; Leandro, Jorge. 2019. "A Conceptual Time-Varying Flood Resilience Index for Urban Areas: Munich City" Water 11, no. 4: 830.

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