Next Article in Journal
The Impact of Vegetation Successional Status on Slope Runoff Erosion in the Loess Plateau of China
Next Article in Special Issue
Predicting Extreme-Precipitation Effects on the Geomorphology of Small Mountain Catchments: Towards an Improved Understanding of the Consequences for Freshwater Biodiversity and Ecosystems
Previous Article in Journal
Irrigation Water Allocation at Farm Level Based on Temporal Cultivation-Related Data Using Meta-Heuristic Optimisation Algorithms
Previous Article in Special Issue
Diatom Biodiversity in Karst Springs of Mediterranean Geographic Areas with Contrasting Characteristics: Islands vs Mainland
Open AccessReview

Conserving Rivers and Their Biodiversity in Tanzania

1
Department of Earth and Environment and Institute of Environment, Florida International University, Miami, FL 33199, USA
2
Fair Water Futures Project, Shahidi wa Maji, P.O. Box 2527 Morogoro, Tanzania [email protected]
3
Department of Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam P.O. BOX 35091, Tanzania
4
Department of Geography and Environmental Studies, Solomon Mahlangu College of Science and Education, Sokoine University of Agriculture, UNESCO Chair on Ecohydrology and Transboundary Water Management, Chuo Kikuu, Morogoro P.O. Box 3038, Tanzania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(12), 2612; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11122612
Received: 7 September 2019 / Revised: 6 December 2019 / Accepted: 7 December 2019 / Published: 11 December 2019
The United Republic of Tanzania (Tanzania) is rich in freshwater resources and biodiversity. In this article, we highlight the importance of Tanzanian rivers and make a case for the conservation of the freshwater and terrestrial species that rely on these rivers. We provide an overview of current knowledge on Tanzanian rivers and discuss progress towards implementation of the National Water Policy (2002) and Water Management Act (2009), two legislative instruments that have motivated environmental flow assessments on at least six major rivers and offer legal backing for river conservation. We examine major challenges that pose significant threats to water security for river ecosystems and humans in Tanzania, among those: (1) human population growth, (2) agricultural expansion, (3) river flow alterations, (4) industrialization, (5) introduced species, and (6) climate change. We conclude by offering recommendations for future river conservation efforts in Tanzania. View Full-Text
Keywords: East Africa; freshwater; policy; tropical; environmental flows East Africa; freshwater; policy; tropical; environmental flows
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Seeteram, N.A.; Hyera, P.T.; Kaaya, L.T.; Lalika, M.C.S.; Anderson, E.P. Conserving Rivers and Their Biodiversity in Tanzania. Water 2019, 11, 2612.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop