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Open AccessArticle

How do Interactive Flood Simulation Models Influence Decision-Making? An Observations-Based Evaluation Method

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Institute of the Built Environment (IGO), University of Applied Sciences Rotterdam, 3015 GG Rotterdam, The Netherlands
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Nelen & Schuurmans, 3511 AE Utrecht, The Netherlands
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Basque Centre for Climate Change (BC3), 48940 Leioa, Spain
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IKERBASQUE, Basque Foundation for Science, 48013 Bilbao, Spain
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Water Management Group, University of Twente, 7500 AE Enschede, The Netherlands
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Institute of Water Policy, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore 259772, Singapore
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2019, 11(11), 2427; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11112427
Received: 2 October 2019 / Revised: 6 November 2019 / Accepted: 14 November 2019 / Published: 19 November 2019
Interactive flood simulations models are computer models that are usable for practitioners during work sessions, allowing demand-driven flood simulations together with domain experts. It is assumed among developers of such models that these interactive models better serve decision-making processes, resulting in better informed decisions about, for example, evacuation and rescue operations. In order to test this assumption, we present a method that uses observations to monitor and evaluate decision-making processes in work sessions where interactive models are applied. We present a theoretical framework as a basis for this method, based on theory of collaborative knowledge construction, and operationalize this into measurable metrics. We demonstrate our method in two cases of flood disaster management and illustrate and discuss the strengths and weaknesses. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrologic modelling; flood risk management; co-production of knowledge; collaborative knowledge construction; interactive modelling; interactive simulations hydrologic modelling; flood risk management; co-production of knowledge; collaborative knowledge construction; interactive modelling; interactive simulations
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Leskens, J.G.; Brugnach, M.; Hoekstra, A. How do Interactive Flood Simulation Models Influence Decision-Making? An Observations-Based Evaluation Method. Water 2019, 11, 2427.

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