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Towards a New Paradigm of Urban Water Infrastructure: Identifying Goals and Strategies to Support Multi-Benefit Municipal Wastewater Treatment

1
Energy and Resources Group, University of California, Berkeley, 310 Barrows Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
2
Engineering Research Center for Reinventing the Nation’s Urban Water Infrastructure (ReNUWIt), Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
3
Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology, Überlandstr. 133, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland
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Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, 760 Davis Hall, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(9), 1127; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10091127
Received: 16 July 2018 / Revised: 12 August 2018 / Accepted: 16 August 2018 / Published: 23 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management, Policy and Governance)
Over the past decade, water professionals have begun to focus on a new paradigm for urban water systems, which entails the recovery of resources from wastewater, the integration of engineered and natural systems, and coordination among agencies managing different facets of water systems. In the San Francisco Bay Area, planning for nutrient management serves as an exemplary model of this transition. We employed a variety of methodological approaches including stakeholder analysis, multi-criteria decision-making weight elicitation, and document analysis to understand and support decision-making in this context. Based on interviews with 32 stakeholders, we delineate goals that are considered to be important for achieving the new paradigm and we highlight management strategies that can help reach these goals. We identify and analyze the social, institutional, and technical impediments to planning and implementing multi-benefit wastewater infrastructure projects and identify strategies to overcome some of these challenges. Transitioning to a new paradigm for urban water infrastructure will require stakeholders to proactively forge collaborative relationships, jointly define a shared vision and objectives, and build new rules to overcome limitations of current institutional policies. View Full-Text
Keywords: stakeholder analysis; San Francisco Bay; nutrient management; regional planning; decision-making; integrated water resources management stakeholder analysis; San Francisco Bay; nutrient management; regional planning; decision-making; integrated water resources management
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MDPI and ACS Style

Harris-Lovett, S.; Lienert, J.; Sedlak, D.L. Towards a New Paradigm of Urban Water Infrastructure: Identifying Goals and Strategies to Support Multi-Benefit Municipal Wastewater Treatment. Water 2018, 10, 1127. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10091127

AMA Style

Harris-Lovett S, Lienert J, Sedlak DL. Towards a New Paradigm of Urban Water Infrastructure: Identifying Goals and Strategies to Support Multi-Benefit Municipal Wastewater Treatment. Water. 2018; 10(9):1127. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10091127

Chicago/Turabian Style

Harris-Lovett, Sasha, Judit Lienert, and David L. Sedlak. 2018. "Towards a New Paradigm of Urban Water Infrastructure: Identifying Goals and Strategies to Support Multi-Benefit Municipal Wastewater Treatment" Water 10, no. 9: 1127. https://doi.org/10.3390/w10091127

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