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Assessing the Effects of Urbanization on Flood Events with Urban Agglomeration Polders Type of Flood Control Pattern Using the HEC-HMS Model in the Qinhuai River Basin, China

College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
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Water 2018, 10(8), 1003; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081003
Received: 9 June 2018 / Revised: 26 July 2018 / Accepted: 27 July 2018 / Published: 29 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Urban Water Management)
Urban agglomeration polders type of flood control pattern (UAPFCP) is an extensively used pattern for urban flood control in plain water system areas. Urbanization and polders are two main factors that affect the runoff process in these regions. The Qinhuai River basin, one of the representative watersheds of this flood control pattern in East China, was selected to perform the study. Five urbanization scenarios (the historical, current, and three assumed future urbanization scenarios) of the basin were defined in this paper. The Hydrologic Engineering Center’s Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) was used to simulate basin runoff. The results indicate that the UAPFCP increased the flood volume (Qv) and peak flow (Qp) compared to the results under the condition without polders. With the constant improvement of the urbanization level of the basin, Qv and Qp under the with polder condition increased correspondingly, and the potential changes show a linear relationship. The urbanization and urban agglomeration polders have interactions with flood events. The effect of urbanization on the flood process is weakened because of the existence of urban agglomeration polders. With the constant improvement of the urbanization level, the effect on the flood process caused by urban agglomeration polders becomes gradually weaker. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization; urban agglomeration polders; HEC-HMS; flood simulation; hydrological response urbanization; urban agglomeration polders; HEC-HMS; flood simulation; hydrological response
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Fang, G.; Yuan, Y.; Gao, Y.; Huang, X.; Guo, Y. Assessing the Effects of Urbanization on Flood Events with Urban Agglomeration Polders Type of Flood Control Pattern Using the HEC-HMS Model in the Qinhuai River Basin, China. Water 2018, 10, 1003.

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