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Open AccessArticle

Development of an Integrated Modelling System for Evaluating Water Quantity and Quality Effects of Individual Wetlands in an Agricultural Watershed

1
Department of Geography, University of Guelph, 50 Stone Road E., Guelph, ON N1G 2W1, Canada
2
Civica Infrastructure, Vaughan, ON L6A 4P5, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(6), 774; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060774
Received: 3 May 2018 / Revised: 8 June 2018 / Accepted: 11 June 2018 / Published: 13 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wetlands for the Treatment of Agricultural Drainage Water)
A GIS-based fully-distributed model, IMWEBs-Wetland (Integrated Modelling for Watershed Evaluation of BMPs—Wetland), is developed to simulate hydrologic processes of site-specific wetlands in an agricultural watershed. This model, powered by the open-source GIS Whitebox Geospatial Analysis Tools (GAT) and advanced database technologies, allows users to simulate and assess water quantity and quality effects of individual wetlands at site and watershed scales. A case study of the modelling system is conducted in a subbasin of the Broughton’s Creek Watershed in southern Manitoba of Canada. Modelling results show that the model is capable of simulating wetland processes in a complex watershed with various land management practices. The IMWEBs-Wetland model is unique in simulating the water quantity and quality effects of individual wetlands, which can be used to examine location-specific targeting of wetland retention and restoration at a watershed scale. View Full-Text
Keywords: distributed watershed modelling; individual wetlands; wetland retention and restoration; water quantity and quality; location-specific targeting; agricultural watersheds distributed watershed modelling; individual wetlands; wetland retention and restoration; water quantity and quality; location-specific targeting; agricultural watersheds
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Y.; Yang, W.; Shao, H.; Yu, Z.; Lindsay, J. Development of an Integrated Modelling System for Evaluating Water Quantity and Quality Effects of Individual Wetlands in an Agricultural Watershed. Water 2018, 10, 774.

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