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Equitable and Reasonable Utilization: Reconstructing the Nile Basin Water Allocation Dialogue

Policy Analysis Section, Multi-Actor Systems (MAS) Department, Faculty of Technology, Policy and Management, Delft University of Technology, Building 31, Jaffalaan 5, 2628 BX Delft P.O. Box 5015, 2600 GA Delft, The Netherlands
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Water 2018, 10(6), 707; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060707
Received: 28 February 2018 / Revised: 16 May 2018 / Accepted: 25 May 2018 / Published: 30 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Hydraulics)
Equitable and reasonable utilization is a core principle in the distribution of water resources. However, its practical application in the Nile Basin has been a significant challenge, leading to a water allocation deadlock. To address the deadlock, we used the van Eeten (1999) four-step process for defining new agendas. To reconstruct the debate, nine possible water allocation methods are developed using the Stone (2002) framework. After that, the arguments are compared and contrasted using interpretative policy analysis and the relevant factors to determine equitable and reasonable utilization in the Nile basin. Unfortunately, none of the nine possible water allocation methods satisfied all of the factors of assessing equitable and reasonable utilization. Therefore, we identified a crosswalk position that combines three water allocation methods. This combination consists of: (1) a group-based distribution; (2) a value-based distribution; and (3) a consensus-based distribution. Since the crosswalk position does not address current and potential uses, we recommend a new agenda to recast the issue. This agenda entails a change in the recipient of the water resources, the allocated item, and the process of decision-making. Finally, we discuss the potential of applying the proposed methodology in Nile sub-basins and other river basins within Sub-Saharan Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: deadlock; equitable and reasonable utilization; equality; fairness; interpretative policy analysis; water law; water allocation; Nile river basin; discourse analysis; distributive policy deadlock; equitable and reasonable utilization; equality; fairness; interpretative policy analysis; water law; water allocation; Nile river basin; discourse analysis; distributive policy
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Onencan, A.M.; Van de Walle, B. Equitable and Reasonable Utilization: Reconstructing the Nile Basin Water Allocation Dialogue. Water 2018, 10, 707.

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