Optimized Subsurface Irrigation System: The Future of Sugarcane Irrigation
AbstractClimate change may harm the growth and yield of sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) without the introduction of appropriate irrigation facilities. Therefore, new irrigation methods should be developed to maximize water use efficiency and reduce operational costs. OPSIS (optimized subsurface irrigation system) is a new solar-powered automatic subsurface irrigation system that creates a phreatic zone below crop roots and relies on capillarity to supply water to the root zone. It is designed for upland crops such as sugarcane. We investigated the performance of OPSIS for irrigating sugarcane and evaluated its performance against sprinkler irrigation under subtropical conditions. We conducted field experiments in Okinawa, Japan, over the period from 2013 to 2016 and took measurements during spring- and summer-planted main crops and two ratoon crops of the spring-planted crop. Compared with sprinkler irrigation, OPSIS produced a significantly higher fresh cane yield, consumed less irrigation water and provided a higher irrigation water use efficiency. We conclude that OPSIS could be adopted as a sustainable solution to sugarcane irrigation in Okinawa and similar environments. View Full-Text
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Gunarathna, M.H.J.P.; Sakai, K.; Nakandakari, T.; Momii, K.; Onodera, T.; Kaneshiro, H.; Uehara, H.; Wakasugi, K. Optimized Subsurface Irrigation System: The Future of Sugarcane Irrigation. Water 2018, 10, 314.
Gunarathna MHJP, Sakai K, Nakandakari T, Momii K, Onodera T, Kaneshiro H, Uehara H, Wakasugi K. Optimized Subsurface Irrigation System: The Future of Sugarcane Irrigation. Water. 2018; 10(3):314.Chicago/Turabian Style
Gunarathna, M. H.J.P.; Sakai, Kazuhito; Nakandakari, Tamotsu; Momii, Kazuro; Onodera, Tsuneo; Kaneshiro, Hiroyuki; Uehara, Hiroshi; Wakasugi, Kousuke. 2018. "Optimized Subsurface Irrigation System: The Future of Sugarcane Irrigation." Water 10, no. 3: 314.
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