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Water 2018, 10(3), 286;

Turbulence Measurement of Vertical Dense Jets in Crossflow

Department of Civil, Environmental, Land, Building Engineering and Chemistry, Polytechnic University of Bari, Via E. Orabona 4, 70125 Bari, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 23 February 2018 / Accepted: 6 March 2018 / Published: 8 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Turbulence in River and Maritime Hydraulics)
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Turbulence measurement of a dense jet perpendicularly issued into a crossflow is investigated experimentally. The flow-velocity components were extensively measured with a high frequency Acoustic Doppler Velocimeter (ADV) system, whereas, a Micro Scale Conductivity Temperature instrument was used to measure the jet salinity. Special attention is given to understand the jet flow-structures in the flow symmetry plane. The flow velocity-fields, the jet trajectory, the turbulence intensities, the turbulent kinetic energy, the turbulent length scales, and the dispersion coefficients have been analyzed. The flow velocity-fields show that the dense jet is characterized by two distinct regions: an ascending region, of jet-like mixing, and a descending region of plume-like mixing. In this study, a new scaling approach of the jet trajectories, based on the jet characteristic length scales, is proposed, leading to an empirical closed-form expression to predict the jet trajectory. The turbulence analysis shows that the jet is accompanied by high levels of flow-turbulence intensities and large kinetic energy production. The results of the turbulent length scales indicate that the ambient flow-field, without jet effect, is an isotropic process. However, in the jet flow-field, a significant spatial-variation of the turbulent length scales was observed, indicating an anisotropic process. The trends of the dispersion coefficients follow those of the turbulent length scales. In comparison with the ambient flow, the jet flow-field shows a decrease of the longitudinal dispersion coefficient and an increase of the vertical one, leading to the increase of the jet width. View Full-Text
Keywords: dense jet; current flow; velocity; trajectory; turbulence; dissipation dense jet; current flow; velocity; trajectory; turbulence; dissipation

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Ben Meftah, M.; Mossa, M. Turbulence Measurement of Vertical Dense Jets in Crossflow. Water 2018, 10, 286.

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