Ensuring the quality of hydrological data has become a key issue in the field of hydrology. Based on the characteristics of hydrological data, this paper proposes a data-driven quality control method for hydrological data. For continuous hydrological time series data, two combined forecasting models and one statistical control model are constructed from horizontal, vertical, and statistical perspectives and the three models provide three confidence intervals. Set the suspicious level based on the number of confidence intervals for data violations, control the data, and provide suggested values for suspicious and missing data. For the discrete hydrological data with large time-space difference, the similar weight topological map between the neighboring stations is established centering on the hydrological station under the test and it is adjusted continuously with the seasonal changes. Lastly, a spatial interpolation model is established to detect the data. The experimental results show that the quality control method proposed in this paper can effectively detect and control the data, find suspicious and erroneous data, and provide suggested values.
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