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Open AccessArticle

Performance of Earthworm-Enhanced Horizontal Sub-Surface Flow Filter and Constructed Wetland

by Rajendra Prasad Singh 1,2,*, Dafang Fu 1,2, Jing Jia 1,2 and Jiaguo Wu 1,2
1
School of Civil Engineering, Southeast University, Sipai Lou 2#, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Southeast University-Monash University Joint Research Centre for Water Sensitive Cities, Nanjing 210096, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Water 2018, 10(10), 1309; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10101309
Received: 15 June 2018 / Revised: 10 September 2018 / Accepted: 17 September 2018 / Published: 22 September 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sponge Cities: Emerging Approaches, Challenges and Opportunities)
In this study, the performance of the horizontal sub-surface flow filter (HSSFF) and constructed wetland (HSSFCW) experimental units enhanced with earthworms was investigated for the treatment of construction camp sewage wastewater. All the experimental units (filter and constructed wetland) were filled with the same filler except Eisenia foetida earthworms and Lolium perenne Linn plants. The performance of the earthworm-enhanced filter (EEF) and the earthworm-enhanced constructed wetland (EECW) was compared to that of the blank filter (BF) units. The results revealed that the removal efficiencies for chemical oxygen demand (COD), ammonium-nitrogen (NH4+-N), total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) in EEF were higher than the BF unit. In order to optimize the operating conditions, the experiments were conducted in three different water levels. The results revealed that the removal efficiencies of EEF for these pollutants are the highest in experimental conditions no. 2 (water level ~30 cm; HRT ~3 days; hydraulic load ~4.05 cm/day; and Inflow discharge ~0.27 L/h). Compared to the EEF and BF units, the EECW has higher removal efficiency for COD and TN and has more stable performance than the filters. This work will aid the design and improvement of filters and CWs for treatment of effluent wastewater from construction camps. The selection of appropriate hydraulic parameters and experimental conditions could be very beneficial in achieving the goal of implantation of low impact development (LID). View Full-Text
Keywords: filters; horizontal sub-surface flow CW; earthworms; LID; removal efficiency filters; horizontal sub-surface flow CW; earthworms; LID; removal efficiency
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Singh, R.P.; Fu, D.; Jia, J.; Wu, J. Performance of Earthworm-Enhanced Horizontal Sub-Surface Flow Filter and Constructed Wetland. Water 2018, 10, 1309.

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