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Atmosphere 2018, 9(12), 473; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos9120473

Evaluation of Seasonal and Synoptic Changes in Snow Accumulation in Antarctica between Five Reanalyses Products and In Situ Observations

Chinese Antarctic Center of Surveying and Mapping, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430079, China
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Received: 8 September 2018 / Revised: 8 November 2018 / Accepted: 30 November 2018 / Published: 3 December 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
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Abstract

The performance of recent reanalysis products (i.e., ERA-Interim, NCEP2, MERRA, CFSR, and JRA-55) was evaluated based on in situ observations from nine automatic weather stations and one stake network to investigate the monthly and seasonal variability of the surface mass balance in Antarctica. Synoptic precipitation simulations were also evaluated by an investigation of high precipitation events. The seasonal variations showed large fluctuations and were inconsistent at each station, probably owing to the large interannual variability of snow accumulation based on the short temporal coverage of the data. The ERA-Interim and JRA-55 datasets revealed better simulated precision, with the other three models presenting similar simulations at monthly and seasonal timescales. The JRA-55 dataset captured a greater number of synoptic high precipitation events at four of the nine stations. Such events at the other five stations were mainly captured by ERA and CFSR. The NCEP2 dataset was more weakly correlated with each station on all timescales. These results indicate that significant monthly or seasonal correlations between in situ observations and the models had little effect on the capability of the reanalyses to capture high precipitation events. The precision of the five reanalysis datasets widely fluctuated in specific regions or at specific stations at different timescales. Great caution is needed when using a single reanalysis dataset to assess the surface mass balance over all of Antarctica. View Full-Text
Keywords: high precipitation events; atmospheric reanalyses; precipitation evaluation high precipitation events; atmospheric reanalyses; precipitation evaluation
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Liu, Y.; Li, F.; Hao, W. Evaluation of Seasonal and Synoptic Changes in Snow Accumulation in Antarctica between Five Reanalyses Products and In Situ Observations. Atmosphere 2018, 9, 473.

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