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Using eXtreme Gradient BOOSTing to Predict Changes in Tropical Cyclone Intensity over the Western North Pacific

Key Laboratory of Digital Earth Science, Aerospace Information Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100094, China
University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Hainan Key Laboratory of Earth Observation, Sanya 572029, China
Beijing Jinghang Computation and Communication Research Institute, Beijing 100074, China
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(6), 341;
Received: 22 April 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 22 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
PDF [5029 KB, uploaded 22 June 2019]


Coastal cities in China are frequently hit by tropical cyclones (TCs), which result in tremendous loss of life and property. Even though the capability of numerical weather prediction models to forecast and track TCs has considerably improved in recent years, forecasting the intensity of a TC is still very difficult; thus, it is necessary to improve the accuracy of TC intensity prediction. To this end, we established a series of predictors using the Best Track TC dataset to predict the intensity of TCs in the Western North Pacific with an eXtreme Gradient BOOSTing (XGBOOST) model. The climatology and persistence factors, environmental factors, brainstorm features, intensity categories, and TC months are considered inputs for the models while the output is the TC intensity. The performance of the XGBOOST model was tested for very strong TCs such as Hato (2017), Rammasum (2014), Mujiage (2015), and Hagupit (2014). The results obtained show that the combination of inputs chosen were the optimal predictors for TC intensification with lead times of 6, 12, 18, and 24 h. Furthermore, the mean absolute error (MAE) of the XGBOOST model was much smaller than the MAEs of a back propagation neural network (BPNN) used to predict TC intensity. The MAEs of the forecasts with 6, 12, 18, and 24 h lead times for the test samples used were 1.61, 2.44, 3.10, and 3.70 m/s, respectively, for the XGBOOST model. The results indicate that the XGBOOST model developed in this study can be used to improve TC intensity forecast accuracy and can be considered a better alternative to conventional operational forecast models for TC intensity prediction. View Full-Text
Keywords: eXtreme Gradient BOOSTing (XGBOOST); Western North Pacific; tropical cyclone; intensity eXtreme Gradient BOOSTing (XGBOOST); Western North Pacific; tropical cyclone; intensity

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Jin, Q.; Fan, X.; Liu, J.; Xue, Z.; Jian, H. Using eXtreme Gradient BOOSTing to Predict Changes in Tropical Cyclone Intensity over the Western North Pacific. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 341.

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