Next Article in Journal
Dust Storm Event of February 2019 in Central and East Coast of Australia and Evidence of Long-Range Transport to New Zealand and Antarctica
Previous Article in Journal
Temporal and Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Atmospheric Particulate Matter (PM10 and PM2.5) in Changchun and Analysis of Its Influencing Factors
Open AccessArticle

Sustainable Development of New Urbanization from the Perspective of Coordination: A New Complex System of Urbanization‒Technology Innovation and the Atmospheric Environment

by Bin Jiang 1, Lei Ding 1,2,* and Xuejuan Fang 3
1
School of International Business & Languages, Ningbo Polytechnic, Ningbo 315800, Zhejiang, China
2
Institute of Environmental Economics Research, Ningbo Polytechnic, Ningbo 315800, Zhejiang, China
3
Ningbo Institute of Oceanography, Ningbo 315832, Zhejiang, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(11), 652; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10110652
Received: 26 September 2019 / Revised: 24 October 2019 / Accepted: 25 October 2019 / Published: 28 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Biometeorology)
Exploring the coordinated development of urbanization (U), technology innovation (T), and the atmospheric environment (A) is an important way to realize the sustainable development of new-type urbanization in China. Compared with existing research, we developed an integrated index system that accurately represents the overall effect of the three subsystems of UTA, and a new weight determination method, the structure entropy weight (SEW), was introduced. Then, we constructed a coordinated development index (CDI) of UTA to measure the level of sustainability of new-type urbanization. This study also analyzed trends observed in UTA for 11 cities in Zhejiang Province of China, using statistical panel data collected from 2006 to 2017. The results showed that: (1) urbanization efficiency, the benefits of technological innovation, and air quality weigh the most in the indicator systems, which indicates that they are key factors in the behavior of UTA. The subsystem scores of the 11 cities show regional differences to some extent. (2) Comparing the coordination level of UTA subsystems, we found that the order is: coordination degree of UT > coordination degree of UA > coordination degree of TA. This suggests that the atmospheric environment system improvement is an important strategic decision for sustainable urbanization in Zhejiang. (3) The UTACDI values of the 11 cities are not high enough, as the coordination is mainly low, basic, or good, while none of the cities reached the stage of excellent coordination. (4) Gray Model (1,1) revealed that the time taking to achieve excellent coordination varies for different cities. Hangzhou and Ningbo were predicted to reach the excellent coordination level in 2018. Other cities are predicted to take 2–4 years to adjust their urbanization strategies enough to be considered to have excellent coordination of their UTA system. View Full-Text
Keywords: urbanization‒technology innovation; atmospheric environment system; new-type urbanization; coordinated development index; sustainability evaluation; Zhejiang Province urbanization‒technology innovation; atmospheric environment system; new-type urbanization; coordinated development index; sustainability evaluation; Zhejiang Province
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Jiang, B.; Ding, L.; Fang, X. Sustainable Development of New Urbanization from the Perspective of Coordination: A New Complex System of Urbanization‒Technology Innovation and the Atmospheric Environment. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 652.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop