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Genes 2017, 8(7), 185;

Cloning and Characterization of ThSHRs and ThSCR Transcription Factors in Taxodium Hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan 406’

Collaborative Innovation Center of Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, College of Forest Sciences, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
Institute of Botany, Jiangsu Province and Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210014, China
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Silvio Salvi
Received: 27 May 2017 / Revised: 3 July 2017 / Accepted: 17 July 2017 / Published: 20 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Plant Genetics and Genomics)
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Among the GRAS family of transcription factors, SHORT ROOT (SHR) and SCARECROW (SCR) are key regulators of the formation of root tissues. In this study, we isolated and characterized two genes encoding SHR proteins and one gene encoding an SCR protein: ThSHR1 (Accession Number MF045148), ThSHR2 (Accession Number MF045149) and ThSCR (Accession Number MF045152) in the adventitious roots of Taxodium hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan’. Gene structure analysis indicated that ThSHR1, ThSHR2 and ThSCR are all intron free. Multiple protein sequence alignments showed that each of the corresponding proteins, ThSHR1, ThSHR2 and ThSCR, contained five well-conserved domains: leucine heptad repeat I (LHRI), the VHIID motif, leucine heptad repeat II (LHR II), the PFYRE motif, and the SAW motif. The phylogenetic analysis indicated that ThSCR was positioned in the SCR clade with the SCR proteins from eight other species, while ThSHR1 and ThSHR2 were positioned in the SHR clade with the SHR proteins from six other species. Temporal expression patterns of these genes were profiled during the process of adventitious root development on stem cuttings. Whereas expression of both ThSHR2 and ThSCR increased up to primary root formation before declining, that of ThSHR1 increased steadily throughout adventitious root formation. Subcellular localization studies in transgenic poplar protoplasts revealed that ThSHR1, ThSHR2 and ThSCR were localized in the nucleus. Collectively, these results suggest that the three genes encode Taxodium GRAS family transcription factors, and the findings contribute to improving our understanding of the expression and function of SHR and SCR during adventitious root production, which may then be manipulated to achieve high rates of asexual propagation of valuable tree species. View Full-Text
Keywords: SHORT-ROOT; SCARECROW; adventitious root development; Taxodium SHORT-ROOT; SCARECROW; adventitious root development; Taxodium

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Wang, Z.; Yin, Y.; Hua, J.; Fan, W.; Yu, C.; Xuan, L.; Yu, F. Cloning and Characterization of ThSHRs and ThSCR Transcription Factors in Taxodium Hybrid ‘Zhongshanshan 406’. Genes 2017, 8, 185.

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