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Genes 2017, 8(10), 272;

Chromosomal Evolution in Chiroptera

Department of Genetics, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife 50740-600, Brazil
Department of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech University, Lubbock, TX 79409, USA
Department of Human Genetics, Otto-von-Guericke University, Magdeburg 39120, Germany
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 September 2017 / Revised: 5 October 2017 / Accepted: 6 October 2017 / Published: 13 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chromosomal Evolution)
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Chiroptera is the second largest order among mammals, with over 1300 species in 21 extant families. The group is extremely diverse in several aspects of its natural history, including dietary strategies, ecology, behavior and morphology. Bat genomes show ample chromosome diversity (from 2n = 14 to 62). As with other mammalian orders, Chiroptera is characterized by clades with low, moderate and extreme chromosomal change. In this article, we will discuss trends of karyotypic evolution within distinct bat lineages (especially Phyllostomidae, Hipposideridae and Rhinolophidae), focusing on two perspectives: evolution of genome architecture, modes of chromosomal evolution, and the use of chromosome data to resolve taxonomic problems. View Full-Text
Keywords: bats; chromosomal rearrangements; cytogenomics; karyotype; phylogeny bats; chromosomal rearrangements; cytogenomics; karyotype; phylogeny

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Sotero-Caio, C.G.; Baker, R.J.; Volleth, M. Chromosomal Evolution in Chiroptera. Genes 2017, 8, 272.

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