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Article

A New Computational Deconvolution Algorithm for the Analysis of Forensic DNA Mixtures with SNP Markers

by 1, 1,2 and 1,*
1
Department of Forensic Medicine, Chongqing Medical University, #1 Yixueyuan Road, Chongqing 400016, China
2
Public Security Bureau of Chongqing Nanchan District, #11 Jinshan Avenue, Nanchang District, Chongqing 408400, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Chuan-Chao Wang and Guanglin He
Genes 2022, 13(5), 884; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13050884
Received: 3 March 2022 / Revised: 6 May 2022 / Accepted: 13 May 2022 / Published: 15 May 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Structure of Human Populations)
Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) support robust analysis on degraded DNA samples. However, the development of a systematic method to interpret the profiles derived from the mixtures is less studied, and it remains a challenge due to the bi-allelic nature of SNP markers. To improve the discriminating power of SNPs, this study explored bioinformatic strategies to analyze mixtures. Then, computer-generated mixtures were produced using real-world massively parallel sequencing (MPS) data from the single samples processed with the Precision ID Identity Panel. Moreover, the values of the frequency of major allele reads (FMAR) were calculated and applied as key parameters to deconvolve the two-person mixtures and estimate mixture ratios. Four custom R language scripts (three for autosomes and one for Y chromosome) were designed with the K-means clustering method as a core algorithm. Finally, the method was validated with real-world mixtures. The results indicated that the deconvolution accuracy for evenly balanced mixtures was 100% or close to 100%, which was the same as the deconvolution accuracy of inferring the genotypes of the major contributor of unevenly balanced mixtures. Meanwhile, the accuracy of inferring the genotypes of the minor contributor decreased as its proportion in the mixture decreased. Moreover, the estimated mixture ratio was almost equal to the actual ratio between 1:1 and 1:6. The method proposed in this study provides a new paradigm for mixture interpretation, especially for inferring contributor profiles of evenly balanced mixtures and the major contributor profile of unevenly balanced mixtures. View Full-Text
Keywords: forensic genetics; bioinformatics; single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP); massively parallel sequencing (MPS); Precision ID Identity Panel; DNA mixture deconvolution; K-means clustering; SAMtools forensic genetics; bioinformatics; single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP); massively parallel sequencing (MPS); Precision ID Identity Panel; DNA mixture deconvolution; K-means clustering; SAMtools
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yin, Y.; Zhang, P.; Xing, Y. A New Computational Deconvolution Algorithm for the Analysis of Forensic DNA Mixtures with SNP Markers. Genes 2022, 13, 884. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13050884

AMA Style

Yin Y, Zhang P, Xing Y. A New Computational Deconvolution Algorithm for the Analysis of Forensic DNA Mixtures with SNP Markers. Genes. 2022; 13(5):884. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13050884

Chicago/Turabian Style

Yin, Yu, Peng Zhang, and Yu Xing. 2022. "A New Computational Deconvolution Algorithm for the Analysis of Forensic DNA Mixtures with SNP Markers" Genes 13, no. 5: 884. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13050884

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