Next Article in Journal
Host-Diet Effect on the Metabolism of Bifidobacterium
Previous Article in Journal
Application of Genome Sequencing from Blood to Diagnose Mitochondrial Diseases
Previous Article in Special Issue
Hybridogenesis in the Water Frogs from Western Russian Territory: Intrapopulation Variation in Genome Elimination
Article

Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Amazon Parrots in the Greater Antilles

1
Biology Department, University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez, Mayagüez 00682, Puerto Rico
2
Theodosius Dobzhansky Center for Genome Bioinformatics, St. Petersburg State University, 199034 St. Petersburg, Russia
3
Applied Genomics Laboratory, SCAMT Institute, ITMO University, 191002 St. Petersburg, Russia
4
Institute of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 664033 Novosibirsk, Russia
5
Conservation Program of the Puerto Rican Parrot, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Rio Grande 00745, Puerto Rico
6
The Recovery Program of the Puerto Rican Parrot at the Rio Abajo State Forest, Departamento de Recursos Naturales y Ambientales de Puerto Rico, Arecibo 00613, Puerto Rico
7
Department of Biological Sciences, Oakland University, Rochester, MI 48307, USA
8
Department of Biology, Uzhhorod National University, 88000 Uzhhorod, Ukraine
9
Terra Wildlife Genomics, Washington, DC 20009, USA
10
Environmental Science and Policy, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC 20036, USA
11
New York Genome Center, New York, NY 10013, USA
12
Department of Environmental Health, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
13
Hope Zoo and Botanical Gardens, Kingston 6, Jamaica
14
Center for Species Survival, Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, National Zoological Park, Front Royal, VA 22630, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Arne Ludwig
Genes 2021, 12(4), 608; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12040608
Received: 11 March 2021 / Revised: 13 April 2021 / Accepted: 16 April 2021 / Published: 20 April 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genome Diversity of Adaptation and Speciation)
Amazon parrots (Amazona spp.) colonized the islands of the Greater Antilles from the Central American mainland, but there has not been a consensus as to how and when this happened. Today, most of the five remaining island species are listed as endangered, threatened, or vulnerable as a consequence of human activity. We sequenced and annotated full mitochondrial genomes of all the extant Amazon parrot species from the Greater Antillean (A. leucocephala (Cuba), A. agilis, A. collaria (both from Jamaica), A. ventralis (Hispaniola), and A. vittata (Puerto Rico)), A. albifrons from mainland Central America, and A. rhodocorytha from the Atlantic Forest in Brazil. The assembled and annotated mitogenome maps provide information on sequence organization, variation, population diversity, and evolutionary history for the Caribbean species including the critically endangered A. vittata. Despite the larger number of available samples from the Puerto Rican Parrot Recovery Program, the sequence diversity of the A. vittata population in Puerto Rico was the lowest among all parrot species analyzed. Our data support the stepping-stone dispersal and speciation hypothesis that has started approximately 3.47 MYA when the ancestral population arrived from mainland Central America and led to diversification across the Greater Antilles, ultimately reaching the island of Puerto Rico 0.67 MYA. The results are presented and discussed in light of the geological history of the Caribbean and in the context of recent parrot evolution, island biogeography, and conservation. This analysis contributes to understating evolutionary history and empowers subsequent assessments of sequence variation and helps design future conservation efforts in the Caribbean. View Full-Text
Keywords: Amazona; Caribbean; mitochondria; genomes; A. leucocephala; A. agilis; A. collaria; A. ventralis; A. vittata; A. rhodocorytha Amazona; Caribbean; mitochondria; genomes; A. leucocephala; A. agilis; A. collaria; A. ventralis; A. vittata; A. rhodocorytha
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Kolchanova, S.; Komissarov, A.; Kliver, S.; Mazo-Vargas, A.; Afanador, Y.; Velez-Valentín, J.; de la Rosa, R.V.; Castro-Marquez, S.; Rivera-Colon, I.; Majeske, A.J.; Wolfsberger, W.W.; Hains, T.; Corvelo, A.; Martinez-Cruzado, J.-C.; Glenn, T.C.; Robinson, O.; Koepfli, K.-P.; Oleksyk, T.K. Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Amazon Parrots in the Greater Antilles. Genes 2021, 12, 608. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12040608

AMA Style

Kolchanova S, Komissarov A, Kliver S, Mazo-Vargas A, Afanador Y, Velez-Valentín J, de la Rosa RV, Castro-Marquez S, Rivera-Colon I, Majeske AJ, Wolfsberger WW, Hains T, Corvelo A, Martinez-Cruzado J-C, Glenn TC, Robinson O, Koepfli K-P, Oleksyk TK. Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Amazon Parrots in the Greater Antilles. Genes. 2021; 12(4):608. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12040608

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kolchanova, Sofiia, Alexey Komissarov, Sergei Kliver, Anyi Mazo-Vargas, Yashira Afanador, Jafet Velez-Valentín, Ricardo V. de la Rosa, Stephanie Castro-Marquez, Israel Rivera-Colon, Audrey J. Majeske, Walter W. Wolfsberger, Taylor Hains, André Corvelo, Juan-Carlos Martinez-Cruzado, Travis C. Glenn, Orlando Robinson, Klaus-Peter Koepfli, and Taras K. Oleksyk 2021. "Molecular Phylogeny and Evolution of Amazon Parrots in the Greater Antilles" Genes 12, no. 4: 608. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12040608

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop