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Review

Role of Digital Health and Artificial Intelligence in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Scoping Review

Phyla Technologies Inc., Montréal, QC H3C 4J9, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to the manuscript.
Academic Editor: Terrence S. Furey
Genes 2021, 12(10), 1465; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12101465
Received: 26 July 2021 / Accepted: 14 September 2021 / Published: 22 September 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Multidisciplinary Approaches in IBD Genetics)
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), subdivided into Crohn’s disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), are chronic diseases that are characterized by relapsing and remitting periods of inflammation in the gastrointestinal tract. In recent years, the amount of research surrounding digital health (DH) and artificial intelligence (AI) has increased. The purpose of this scoping review is to explore this growing field of research to summarize the role of DH and AI in the diagnosis, treatment, monitoring and prognosis of IBD. A review of 21 articles revealed the impact of both AI algorithms and DH technologies; AI algorithms can improve diagnostic accuracy, assess disease activity, and predict treatment response based on data modalities such as endoscopic imaging and genetic data. In terms of DH, patients utilizing DH platforms experienced improvements in quality of life, disease literacy, treatment adherence, and medication management. In addition, DH methods can reduce the need for in-person appointments, decreasing the use of healthcare resources without compromising the standard of care. These articles demonstrate preliminary evidence of the potential of DH and AI for improving the management of IBD. However, the majority of these studies were performed in a regulated clinical environment. Therefore, further validation of these results in a real-world environment is required to assess the efficacy of these methods in the general IBD population. View Full-Text
Keywords: inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); Crohn’s disease (CD); ulcerative colitis (UC); digital health (DH); artificial intelligence (AI); diagnosis; treatment; monitoring; prognosis inflammatory bowel disease (IBD); Crohn’s disease (CD); ulcerative colitis (UC); digital health (DH); artificial intelligence (AI); diagnosis; treatment; monitoring; prognosis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Majidova, K.; Handfield, J.; Kafi, K.; Martin, R.D.; Kubinski, R. Role of Digital Health and Artificial Intelligence in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Scoping Review. Genes 2021, 12, 1465. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12101465

AMA Style

Majidova K, Handfield J, Kafi K, Martin RD, Kubinski R. Role of Digital Health and Artificial Intelligence in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Scoping Review. Genes. 2021; 12(10):1465. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12101465

Chicago/Turabian Style

Majidova, Kamila, Julia Handfield, Kamran Kafi, Ryan D. Martin, and Ryszard Kubinski. 2021. "Role of Digital Health and Artificial Intelligence in Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Scoping Review" Genes 12, no. 10: 1465. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12101465

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