Next Article in Journal
Modulation of Sex Pheromone Discrimination by a UDP-Glycosyltransferase in Drosophila melanogaster
Next Article in Special Issue
Molecular Analysis of the Official Algerian Olive Collection Highlighted a Hotspot of Biodiversity in the Central Mediterranean Basin
Previous Article in Journal
Comprehensive Sequence Analysis of IQD Gene Family and their Expression Profiling in Grapevine (Vitis vinifera)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Characteristics of Microsatellites Mined from Transcriptome Data and the Development of Novel Markers in Paeonia lactiflora
Open AccessArticle

Serendipitous In Situ Conservation of Faba Bean Landraces in Tunisia: A Case Study

1
National Gene Bank of Tunisia (BNG), Street Yesser Arafet, Charguia 1, Tunis 1080, Tunisia
2
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie (INRAT), Agricultural Applied Biotechnology Laboratory (LR16INRAT06), University of Carthage, Rue Hédi Karray, Menzah 1, Tunis PC 1004, Tunisia
3
Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique de Tunisie (INRAT), Field Crop Laboratory (LR16INRAT02), University of Carthage, Rue Hédi Karray, Menzah 1, Tunis PC 1004, Tunisia
4
Institute of Biosciences and Bioresources of the National Research Council (IBBR-CNR), Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
5
Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences (DiSSPA), Sect. Genetics and Plant Breeding, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Via Amendola 165/A, 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally.
Genes 2020, 11(2), 236; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11020236
Received: 21 January 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 16 February 2020 / Published: 24 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genetic Diversity Assessment and Marker-Assisted Selection in Crops)
Cultivation of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) in Tunisia is largely based on improved varieties of the crop. However, a few farmers continue to produce local cultivars or landraces. The National Gene Bank of Tunisia (NGBT) recently launched a collection project for faba bean landraces, with special focus on the regions of the North West, traditionally devoted to cultivating grain legumes, and where around 80% of the total national faba bean cultivation area is located. The seed phenotypic features of the collected samples were studied, and the genetic diversity and population structure analyzed using simple sequence repeat markers. The genetic constitution of the present samples was compared to that of faba bean samples collected by teams of the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) in the 1970s in the same region, and stored at the ICARDA gene bank. The results of the diversity analysis demonstrate that the recently collected samples and those stored at ICARDA largely overlap, thus demonstrating that over the past 50 years, little genetic change has occurred to the local faba bean populations examined. These findings suggest that farmers serendipitously applied international best practices for in situ conservation of agricultural crops. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vicia faba L., genetic diversity; SSR markers; in situ conservation Vicia faba L., genetic diversity; SSR markers; in situ conservation
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Babay, E.; Khamassi, K.; Sabetta, W.; Miazzi, M.M.; Montemurro, C.; Pignone, D.; Danzi, D.; Finetti-Sialer, M.M.; Mangini, G. Serendipitous In Situ Conservation of Faba Bean Landraces in Tunisia: A Case Study. Genes 2020, 11, 236.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop