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Review

Genetic Biomarkers of Panic Disorder: A Systematic Review

1
Faculty of Biology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, 119991 Moscow, Russia
2
Center of Genetics and Life Sciences, Sirius University of Science and Technology, 354340 Sochi, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2020, 11(11), 1310; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111310
Received: 29 September 2020 / Revised: 29 October 2020 / Accepted: 2 November 2020 / Published: 4 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Genes and Biomarkers of Mood and Anxiety Disorders)
(1) Background: Although panic disorder (PD) is one of the most common anxiety disorders severely impacting quality of life, no effective genetic testing exists; known data on possible genetic biomarkers is often scattered and unsystematic which complicates further studies. (2) Methods: We used PathwayStudio 12.3 (Elsevier, The Netherlands) to acquire literature data for further manual review and analysis. 229 articles were extracted, 55 articles reporting associations, and 32 articles reporting no associations were finally selected. (3) Results: We provide exhaustive information on genetic biomarkers associated with PD known in the scientific literature. Data is presented in two tables. Genes COMT and SLC6A4 may be considered the most promising for PD diagnostic to date. (4) Conclusions: This review illustrates current progress in association studies of PD and may indicate possible molecular mechanisms of its pathogenesis. This is a possible basis for data analysis, novel experimental studies, or developing test systems and personalized treatment approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: panic disorder; genetic biomarker; anxiety disorders panic disorder; genetic biomarker; anxiety disorders
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tretiakov, A.; Malakhova, A.; Naumova, E.; Rudko, O.; Klimov, E. Genetic Biomarkers of Panic Disorder: A Systematic Review. Genes 2020, 11, 1310. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111310

AMA Style

Tretiakov A, Malakhova A, Naumova E, Rudko O, Klimov E. Genetic Biomarkers of Panic Disorder: A Systematic Review. Genes. 2020; 11(11):1310. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111310

Chicago/Turabian Style

Tretiakov, Artemii, Alena Malakhova, Elena Naumova, Olga Rudko, and Eugene Klimov. 2020. "Genetic Biomarkers of Panic Disorder: A Systematic Review" Genes 11, no. 11: 1310. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111310

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