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Article

A Genome-Wide Analysis of the Pentatricopeptide Repeat (PPR) Gene Family and PPR-Derived Markers for Flesh Color in Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)

1
Department of Horticulture, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
2
Department of Smart Agriculture Systems, Chungnam National University, Daejeon 34134, Korea
3
Breeding Institute, Hyundai Seed Co Ltd., Yeoju, Gyeonggi-do 12660, Korea
4
Department of Horticulture, University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2020, 11(10), 1125; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11101125
Received: 24 August 2020 / Revised: 23 September 2020 / Accepted: 23 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Genetics and Breeding of Major Staple Food Crops)
Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus) is an economically important fruit crop grown for consumption of its large edible fruit flesh. Pentatricopeptide-repeat (PPR) encoding genes, one of the large gene families in plants, are important RNA-binding proteins involved in the regulation of plant growth and development by influencing the expression of organellar mRNA transcripts. However, systematic information regarding the PPR gene family in watermelon remains largely unknown. In this comprehensive study, we identified and characterized a total of 422 C. lanatus PPR (ClaPPR) genes in the watermelon genome. Most ClaPPRs were intronless and were mapped across 12 chromosomes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that ClaPPR proteins could be divided into P and PLS subfamilies. Gene duplication analysis suggested that 11 pairs of segmentally duplicated genes existed. In-silico expression pattern analysis demonstrated that ClaPPRs may participate in the regulation of fruit development and ripening processes. Genotyping of 70 lines using 4 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from 4 ClaPPRs resulted in match rates of over 0.87 for each validated SNPs in correlation with the unique phenotypes of flesh color, and could be used in differentiating red, yellow, or orange watermelons in breeding programs. Our results provide significant insights for a comprehensive understanding of PPR genes and recommend further studies on their roles in watermelon fruit growth and ripening, which could be utilized for cultivar development of watermelon. View Full-Text
Keywords: watermelon; pentatricopeptide-repeat (PPR) gene family; comprehensive analysis; expression profiling; flesh color watermelon; pentatricopeptide-repeat (PPR) gene family; comprehensive analysis; expression profiling; flesh color
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MDPI and ACS Style

Subburaj, S.; Tu, L.; Lee, K.; Park, G.-S.; Lee, H.; Chun, J.-P.; Lim, Y.-P.; Park, M.-W.; McGregor, C.; Lee, G.-J. A Genome-Wide Analysis of the Pentatricopeptide Repeat (PPR) Gene Family and PPR-Derived Markers for Flesh Color in Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Genes 2020, 11, 1125. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11101125

AMA Style

Subburaj S, Tu L, Lee K, Park G-S, Lee H, Chun J-P, Lim Y-P, Park M-W, McGregor C, Lee G-J. A Genome-Wide Analysis of the Pentatricopeptide Repeat (PPR) Gene Family and PPR-Derived Markers for Flesh Color in Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus). Genes. 2020; 11(10):1125. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11101125

Chicago/Turabian Style

Subburaj, Saminathan, Luhua Tu, Kayoun Lee, Gwang-Soo Park, Hyunbae Lee, Jong-Pil Chun, Yong-Pyo Lim, Min-Woo Park, Cecilia McGregor, and Geung-Joo Lee. 2020. "A Genome-Wide Analysis of the Pentatricopeptide Repeat (PPR) Gene Family and PPR-Derived Markers for Flesh Color in Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)" Genes 11, no. 10: 1125. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11101125

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