Recently, the prevalence and importance of RNA editing have been illuminated in mammals. However, studies on RNA editing of pigs, a widely used biomedical model animal, are rare. Here we collected RNA sequencing data across 11 tissues and identified more than 490,000 RNA editing sites. We annotated their biological features, detected flank sequence characteristics of A-to-I editing sites and the impact of A-to-I editing on miRNA–mRNA interactions, and identified RNA editing quantitative trait loci (edQTL). Sus scrofa
RNA editing sites showed high enrichment in repetitive regions with a median editing level as 15.38%. Expectedly, 96.3% of the editing sites located in non-coding regions including intron, 3′ UTRs, intergenic, and gene proximal regions. There were 2233 editing sites located in the coding regions and 980 of them caused missense mutation. Our results indicated that to an A-to-I editing site, the adjacent four nucleotides, two before it and two after it, have a high impact on the editing occurrences. A commonly observed editing motif is CCAGG. We found that 4552 A-to-I RNA editing sites could disturb the original binding efficiencies of miRNAs and 4176 A-to-I RNA editing sites created new potential miRNA target sites. In addition, we performed edQTL analysis and found that 1134 edQTLs that significantly affected the editing levels of 137 RNA editing sites. Finally, we constructed PRESDB, the first pig RNA editing sites database. The site provides necessary functions associated with Sus scrofa
RNA editing study.
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