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Agronomy 2019, 9(3), 126; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9030126

Using Plant Phenomics to Exploit the Gains of Genomics

1
Crop Improvement Division, ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kalyanpur-Kanpur 208024, India
2
World Vegetable Center South Asia/Central Asia, ICRISAT Campus, Patancheru-Hyderabad 502324, India
3
SK University of Agricultural Sciences & Technology, Main Campus, Chatha, Jammu 180009, India
4
World Vegetable Center, P.O. Box 42, Shanhua, Tainan 74199, Taiwan
5
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda 210001, India
6
Department of Botany, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160014, India
7
Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 38541, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2019 / Revised: 27 February 2019 / Accepted: 5 March 2019 / Published: 7 March 2019
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Abstract

Agricultural scientists face the dual challenge of breeding input-responsive, widely adoptable and climate-resilient varieties of crop plants and developing such varieties at a faster pace. Integrating the gains of genomics with modern-day phenomics will lead to increased breeding efficiency which in turn offers great promise to develop such varieties rapidly. Plant phenotyping techniques have impressively evolved during the last two decades. The low-cost, automated and semi-automated methods for data acquisition, storage and analysis are now available which allow precise quantitative analysis of plant structure and function; and genetic dissection of complex traits. Appropriate plant types can now be quickly developed that respond favorably to low input and resource-limited environments and address the challenges of subsistence agriculture. The present review focuses on the need of systematic, rapid, minimal invasive and low-cost plant phenotyping. It also discusses its evolution to modern day high throughput phenotyping (HTP), traits amenable to HTP, integration of HTP with genomics and the scope of utilizing these tools for crop improvement. View Full-Text
Keywords: adaptive and evolutionary traits; analysis pipelines; breeding efficiency; phenotyping bottleneck; phenotyping platforms; resource use efficiency adaptive and evolutionary traits; analysis pipelines; breeding efficiency; phenotyping bottleneck; phenotyping platforms; resource use efficiency
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Pratap, A.; Gupta, S.; Nair, R.M.; Gupta, S.K.; Schafleitner, R.; Basu, P.S.; Singh, C.M.; Prajapati, U.; Gupta, A.K.; Nayyar, H.; Mishra, A.K.; Baek, K.-H. Using Plant Phenomics to Exploit the Gains of Genomics. Agronomy 2019, 9, 126.

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