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Review

Breeding for Enhancing Legumovirus Resistance in Mungbean: Current Understanding and Future Directions

1
Department of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda 20001, India
2
Department of Biotechnology, Institute of Biosciences and Biotechnology, Chhatrapati Sahu Ji Maharaj University, Kanpur 208024, India
3
Crop Improvement Division, ICAR-Indian Institute of Pulses Research, Kalyanpur-Kanpur 208024, India
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Department of Entomology, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda 210001, India
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Department of Plant Biotechnology, Banda University of Agriculture and Technology, Banda 210001, India
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Department of Plant Pathology, Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishva Vidhyalaya, Jabalpur 482004, India
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Agri-Science Queensland, Department of Agriculture and Fisheries, Hermitage Research Facility, 604 Yangan Road, Warwick 4370, Australia
8
Department of Biotechnology, Yeungnam University, Gyeongsan 38541, Korea
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(10), 622; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100622
Received: 4 August 2019 / Revised: 2 October 2019 / Accepted: 5 October 2019 / Published: 10 October 2019
Yellow mosaic disease (YMD) affects several types of leguminous crops, including the Vigna species, which comprises a number of commercially important pulse crops. YMD is characterized by the formation of a bright yellow mosaic pattern on the leaves; in severe forms, this pattern can also be seen on stems and pods. This disease leads to tremendous yield losses, even up to 100%, in addition to deterioration in seed quality. Symptoms of this disease are similar among affected plants; YMD is not limited to mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek) and also affects other collateral and alternate hosts. In the last decade, rapid advancements in molecular detection techniques have been made, leading to an improved understanding of YMD-causing viruses. Three distinct bipartite begomoviruses, namely, Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus (MYMIV), Mungbean Yellow Mosaic Virus (MYMV), and Horsegram Yellow Mosaic Virus (HgYMV), are known to cause YMD in Vigna spp. Vigna crops serve as an excellent protein source for vegetarians worldwide; moreover, they aid in improving soil health by fixing atmospheric nitrogen through a symbiotic association with Rhizobium bacteria. The loss in the yield of these short-duration crops due to YMD, thus, needs to be checked. This review highlights the discoveries that have been made regarding various aspects of YMD affecting mungbean, including the determination of YMD-causing viruses and strategies used to develop high-yielding YMD-resistant mungbean varieties that harness the potential of related Vigna species through the use of different omics approaches. View Full-Text
Keywords: Begomovirus; DoYMV; HgYMV; inter-specific gene flow; MYMIV; MYMV; omics approaches; YMD; Vigna Begomovirus; DoYMV; HgYMV; inter-specific gene flow; MYMIV; MYMV; omics approaches; YMD; Vigna
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MDPI and ACS Style

Singh, C.M.; Singh, P.; Pratap, A.; Pandey, R.; Purwar, S.; Vibha; Douglas, C.A.; Baek, K.-H.; Mishra, A.K. Breeding for Enhancing Legumovirus Resistance in Mungbean: Current Understanding and Future Directions. Agronomy 2019, 9, 622. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100622

AMA Style

Singh CM, Singh P, Pratap A, Pandey R, Purwar S, Vibha, Douglas CA, Baek K-H, Mishra AK. Breeding for Enhancing Legumovirus Resistance in Mungbean: Current Understanding and Future Directions. Agronomy. 2019; 9(10):622. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100622

Chicago/Turabian Style

Singh, Chandra M.; Singh, Poornima; Pratap, Aditya; Pandey, Rakesh; Purwar, Shalini; Vibha; Douglas, Colin A.; Baek, Kwang-Hyun; Mishra, Awdhesh K. 2019. "Breeding for Enhancing Legumovirus Resistance in Mungbean: Current Understanding and Future Directions" Agronomy 9, no. 10: 622. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9100622

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