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Review

A Review of Prospective Biocontrol Agents and Sustainable Soil Practices for Bulb Mite (Acari: Acaridae) Management

1
Newe-Ya’ar Research Center, Agricultural Research Organization, Department of Entomology, P.O. Box 1021, Ramat Yishay 3009500, Israel
2
Biology Centre, Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Branišovská 31, 370 05 České Budějovice, Czech Republic
3
Institute of Biology, Ecology, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, 10115 Berlin, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Elisabete Figueiredo and Maria Pappas
Agronomy 2022, 12(7), 1491; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071491
Received: 30 April 2022 / Revised: 30 May 2022 / Accepted: 20 June 2022 / Published: 22 June 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil Management: Implications for Pest and Disease Control)
Mites of the genus Rhizoglyphus (Acari: Acaridae) are serious pests of plants belonging to the orders Liliales and Asparagales such as onions, garlic, lilies, and tulips. Their control by synthetic pesticides is becoming problematic as a result of resistance development in these mites and environmental and health issues. New pest control methods thus need to be developed. This review provides an overview of studies related to bulb mite management. Entomopathogenic fungi and generalist predatory mites are prospective agents for biological control of these pests while entomopathogenic nematodes and the metabolites of their symbiotic bacteria seems to be less effective. There are, however, many more organisms in the soil that might play important roles in biological control of bulb mites as well as other soil pests of these bulbous plants. Therefore, a holistic approach based on the understanding of food webs in the soil environment and their ecological services is essential for developing effective control of bulb mites. For the rehabilitation and conservation of soil biodiversity supporting these ecosystem services, emphasis must be placed on sustainable soil management (e.g., ensuring green coverage, minimal soil disturbance and high content of organic matter). View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhizoglyphus; biological control; natural enemies; predatory mites; entomopathogenic fungi; Metarhizium; nematodes; food web; multitrophic interactions; holistic approach; Liliales; Asparagales Rhizoglyphus; biological control; natural enemies; predatory mites; entomopathogenic fungi; Metarhizium; nematodes; food web; multitrophic interactions; holistic approach; Liliales; Asparagales
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MDPI and ACS Style

Palevsky, E.; Konopická, J.; Rueda-Ramírez, D.; Zemek, R. A Review of Prospective Biocontrol Agents and Sustainable Soil Practices for Bulb Mite (Acari: Acaridae) Management. Agronomy 2022, 12, 1491. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071491

AMA Style

Palevsky E, Konopická J, Rueda-Ramírez D, Zemek R. A Review of Prospective Biocontrol Agents and Sustainable Soil Practices for Bulb Mite (Acari: Acaridae) Management. Agronomy. 2022; 12(7):1491. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071491

Chicago/Turabian Style

Palevsky, Eric, Jana Konopická, Diana Rueda-Ramírez, and Rostislav Zemek. 2022. "A Review of Prospective Biocontrol Agents and Sustainable Soil Practices for Bulb Mite (Acari: Acaridae) Management" Agronomy 12, no. 7: 1491. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy12071491

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