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Open AccessArticle

Supported Ionic Liquid Silica as Curing Agent for Epoxy Composites with Improved Mechanical and Thermal Properties

1
Key Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials Science of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission & Ministry of Education, South-Central University for Nationalities, Wuhan 430074, China
2
School of Chemical Engineering, Guangdong University of Petrochemical Technology, Maoming 525000, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2017, 9(10), 478; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym9100478
Received: 1 September 2017 / Revised: 28 September 2017 / Accepted: 28 September 2017 / Published: 29 September 2017
The present study aims to improve the mechanical properties of epoxy composite by incorporating supported ionic liquid silica (IL-silica). The IL-silica not only showed improved interfacial interaction and reinforcement, but also served as cure agent of epoxy composites. The differential scanning calorimetry analysis revealed that epoxy composites could be successfully cured with IL-silica without any routine curing agents. IL-silica/epoxy composites presented higher mechanical and thermal properties compared with epoxy composite containing un-functionalized silica (u-silica). The dynamic mechanical analysis showed that the storage modulus of composites significantly increased with the addition of IL-silica in comparison to that with added u-silica, as well as the variation of Tg parameter. The incorporation of IL-silica simultaneously enhanced the tensile strength, toughness, and thermal stability of the epoxy composites. The considerable improvements in mechanical and thermal properties are ascribed to the improved dispersion of IL-silica and the enhanced interfacial interactions between epoxy matrix and IL-silica by strong covalent bonding, which results in an effective load transfer. View Full-Text
Keywords: epoxy resin; silica; composites; supported ionic liquid; curing agent epoxy resin; silica; composites; supported ionic liquid; curing agent
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, C.; Mi, X.; Tian, J.; Zhang, J.; Xu, T. Supported Ionic Liquid Silica as Curing Agent for Epoxy Composites with Improved Mechanical and Thermal Properties. Polymers 2017, 9, 478.

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