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Review

Mechanical Properties of Protective Coatings against Marine Fouling: A Review

1
Department of Engineering, University of Messina, Contrada Di Dio, I-98166 Messina, Italy
2
Institute of Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials—CNR IPCB, Via Paolo Gaifami 18, 9-95126 Catania, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2021, 13(2), 173; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13020173
Received: 13 December 2020 / Revised: 30 December 2020 / Accepted: 4 January 2021 / Published: 6 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Polymer Based Composite Coatings)
The accumulation of marine organisms on ship hulls, such as microorganisms, barnacles, and seaweeds, represents a global problem for maritime industries, with both economic and environmental costs. The use of biocide-containing paints poses a serious threat to marine ecosystems, affecting both target and non-target organisms driving science and technology towards non-biocidal solutions based on physico-chemical and materials properties of coatings. The review reports recent development of hydrophobic protective coatings in terms of mechanical properties, correlated with the wet ability features. The attention is focused mainly on coatings based on siloxane and epoxy resin due to the wide application fields of such systems in the marine industry. Polyurethane and other systems have been considered as well. These coatings for anti-fouling applications needs to be both long-term mechanically stable, perfectly adherent with the metallic/composite substrate, and capable to detach/destroy the fouling organism. Prospects should focus on developing even “greener” antifouling coatings solutions. These coatings should also be readily addressable to industrial scale-up for large-scale product distribution, possibly at a reasonable cost. View Full-Text
Keywords: antifouling; anticorrosive; epoxy coating; siloxane coating; hybrid coating; mechanical properties; adhesion; wet ability antifouling; anticorrosive; epoxy coating; siloxane coating; hybrid coating; mechanical properties; adhesion; wet ability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pistone, A.; Scolaro, C.; Visco, A. Mechanical Properties of Protective Coatings against Marine Fouling: A Review. Polymers 2021, 13, 173. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13020173

AMA Style

Pistone A, Scolaro C, Visco A. Mechanical Properties of Protective Coatings against Marine Fouling: A Review. Polymers. 2021; 13(2):173. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13020173

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pistone, Alessandro, Cristina Scolaro, and Annamaria Visco. 2021. "Mechanical Properties of Protective Coatings against Marine Fouling: A Review" Polymers 13, no. 2: 173. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13020173

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