2. Materials and Methods
3. Results and Discussion
3.1. The LcVL Product
3.2. Effects of Layer Parameters on Processing Resolution
3.3. Wood Texture Direction and LcVL-Product Structure
- As a combination of plywood technology and LOM, the LcVL method is a viable AM method which is capable of producing wood-based products with complex geometries and internal voids using large scale wood-based materials, specifically wood veneer.
- LcVL products have designable structures (complex internal voids and wood texture directions). Their designability could be used for creating material matrices and templates for functional wood-based materials, such as sound absorbers and composites.
- The LcVL method encountered more theoretical manufacturing errors compared to other AM techniques due to its use of larger scale raw materials with larger layer heights. Nonetheless, the LcVL method may be used for large scale wood materials with sufficient layer thickness and number.
- LcVL products could benefit greatly from postprocessing, such as surface finishing, for theoretical manufacturing-error reduction. In comparison with other AM techniques, larger amounts of wood and less adhesives are involved during the fabrication. The LcVL method could serve as a basis for the further development of veneer usage in AM.
Institutional Review Board Statement
Informed Consent Statement
Data Availability Statement
Conflicts of Interest
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